The red grape variety comes from Bulgaria. Synonyms alphabetically grouped by country are Kachivela, Kacivela, Kativela, Marvud, Mawrud, Svinarska Loza, Svinjarska Loza, Tsiganka ( Bulgaria ); Karvouniaris, Mavro, Mavroude, Mavroudi, Mavroudi Boulgarias, Mavroudion, Mavroudi Voulgarias ( Greece ) and Mavroud ( France ). The parentage is unknown. Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Karvouniaris. Mavro. Mavroudi Arachovis or Mavrud Varnenski be confused. There are the varieties Mavrud s Edri Zarna, Mavrud s Drebni Zarna, Mavrud sas Splekani Zarna, Mavrud Siv and Mavrud Izresliv, which differ in berry size and color shade. The variety was a cross partner of the new varieties Buket and Evmolpia, According to a non-verifiable hypothesis, the very old variety (or a possible ancestor) should already be in the antiquity of the Thracians have been cultivated.
The late ripening, productive vine is sensitive to wintry frost and drought, vulnerable to both mildews but resistant to Botrytis, It produces a deep red, tannic, acid and alcohol-rich red wine with a plum aroma that has aging potential. The variety is mainly grown in the center and south of Bulgaria. In addition to the Shiroka Melnishka (Melnik) to the best Bulgarian red wine grapes. The Bulgarian acreage in 2010 totaled 1,296 hectares (Statistics Kym Anderson ). Other small stocks are also said to be in Albania. Greece and Romania give.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Left picture: Bossev wine marketing
Right: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)