The Indian Tuscany born Filippo, later Philip Mazzei (1730-1816) studied medicine in Florence. After moving to London, he met Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) and later Senator Thomas Adams (1730-1788), who shared his enthusiasm for the United States aroused. In 1773 he headed a group of immigrant Italians living in what is now the U.S. state Virginia introduced the cultivation of wine, olives and fruit. Among them was Anthony Giannini (1747-1824), who later became the property manager of the US President Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) at his Monticello estate. Mazzei became a neighbor and friend of Jefferson, who gave him 193 acres of land on the south side of Monticello; another 700 acres were purchased from Mazzei. He called his property "Colle" (hill) and dealt with experimental agriculture. They both planted the first commercial vineyards in Virginia and tried foreign and local vines. Among other things, Mazzei produced a wine in the "colonial style" from the wild grape species climbing there in forests on trees Vitis vulpina, He can be regarded as a US wine pioneer. During the American Revolution (1775-1783) Mazzei acted as an agent for the purchase of weapons. In 1788 he published a political history of the American revolution. He died in Pisa after returning home.