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McLaren Vale

Wine growing area (GI) in Australian State of South Australia, named after the well-known preacher and immigration manager David McLaren (1785-1850). It belongs to the Fleurieu wine-growing zone, a sub-area is called Clarendon. The area is located directly on Gulf St. Vincent, an approximately 145 km long and 75 km wide cut of the Indian Ocean. The Gulf is framed in the southeast by the Fleurieu Peninsula and in the west by the Yorke Peninsula. On the eastern bank of the Gulf is Adelaide, the state capital. John Reynell (1809-1873) was the first to plant vines here in 1838. The famous wine pioneer Thomas learned from this Hardy (1830-1912) his craft, founded his own still existing winery in 1853 and rose to become the largest Australian wine producer by the end of the 19th century.

The vineyards cover around 2,700 hectares and extend south of Adelaide to south of Morphett Vale. The floors consist of sand, clay, limestone, red clay and alluvial soils. There is sufficient rainfall, so compared to many other Australian wine growing areas, no artificial irrigation is required. The nearby ocean has a positive mitigating effect on the climate cooled by sea breezes with long warm days and cool nights. McLaren Vale is best known for its strong red wines from Shiraz with around 50% of the vineyard area. 75% of the red varieties Cabernet Sauvignon, Grenache Noir, Merlot, Shiraz, Sangiovese and Tempranillo, as well as 25% of the white varieties Chardonnay, Sémillon, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc and Gewurztraminer are cultivated. Well-known producers are Accolade Wines, d'Arenberg, Chapel Hill, Reynella, Clarendon Hills, Coriole, Dennis, Fox Creek, Garett, Hamilton, Hardy's, Haselgrove, Ingoldby, Merrill, Mitolo, Noon, Norman's, Pirramimma, Reynella, Rosemount Estate, Tatachilla, Seaview, Wirra Wirra, Wolf pale and Woodstock.

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