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McLaren Vale

Winegrowing area (GI) in the Australian State of South Australia, named after the well-known preacher and immigration manager David McLaren (1785-1850). It belongs to the wine growing area Fleurieu, a sub-area is called Clarendon. The area is located directly on Gulf St. Vincent, an approximately 145 km long and 75 km wide cut of the Indian Ocean. The Gulf is framed to the southeast by the Fleurieu Peninsula and to the west by the Yorke Peninsula Peninsula. On the eastern shore of the Gulf lies Adelaide, the state capital. John Reynell (1809-1873) was the first to plant vines here in 1838. At this he learned the famous wine-growing pioneer Thomas Hardy (1830-1912) his craft, founded in 1853 his own still existing winery and rose to the end of the 19th century the largest Australian wine producer.

The vineyards cover approximately 2,700 hectares and extend south of Adelaide to south of Morphett Vale. The floors consist of sand, loam, limestone, red clay and silty soils. There is enough rainfall, so there are no artificial ones compared to many other Australian winegrowing areas irrigation is required. The nearby ocean has a positive mitigating effect on the climate cooled by sea breezes, with long warm days and cool nights. McLaren Vale is known for its strong red wines from Shiraz with about 50% of the vineyard. To 75% of the red varieties Cabernet Sauvignon, Grenache Noir, Merlot, Shiraz, Sangiovese and Tempranillo, as well as 25% of the white varieties Chardonnay, Semillon, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc and Gewurztraminer are cultivated. Well-known producers are Accolade Wines, d'Arenberg, Chapel Hill, Reynella, Clarendon Hills, Coriole, Dennis, Fox Creek, Garett, Hamilton, Hardy's, Haselgrove, Ingoldby, Merrill, Mitolo, Noon, Norman's, Pirramimma, Reynella, Rosemount Estate, Tatachilla, Seaview, Wirra Wirra, Wolf pale and Woodstock.

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