The white grape variety comes from France, Synonyms are Auxerrois Gros, Blanc de Nantes, Bourguignon Blanc, Feuille Ronde, Gamay Blanc, Gros Blanc, Latran, Lyonnais, Lyonnaise Blanche, Melon, Melon Bijeli, Muscadet, Petit Bourgogne, Pétoin, Pétouin, Plant de Bourgogne and Savagnin Jaune. Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological not with the varieties Aligoté (Melon de Jura), Auxerrois. Chardonnay (Melon d'Arbois), Gros Blanc. Pinot Blanc or Traminer (Savagnin Jaune) can be confused.
According to last done in 2013 DNA analysis it is one of the numerous crossings between the two leading varieties Gouais Blanc x Pinot, The medium-ripening, productive vine is resistant to frost, but very susceptible to Botrytis, It produces rather neutral tasting, low acid white wines with subtle nutmeg and citrus aroma, which are particularly good for the distillation suitable.
The variety comes from the Burgundy, where it was supposedly grown as early as the 13th century. In the Middle Ages it spread under the name Plant de Bourgogne Loire Valley, where it may have been mentioned as early as 1530 by the famous Franciscan monk François Rabelais (1494-1553). In the 17th century it was called Muscadet to the dominant vine on the lower reaches of the Loire, during this time it served mainly as a base wine for brandy, Today it is mainly grown in the Loire-Atlantique and Maine-et-Loire departments and used in four Muscadet appellation wines. The French acreage totaled 12,364 hectares in 2010 with a downward trend (ten years earlier it was 13,253 hectares). In Argentina the variety is grown on one hectare. In the 1980s she was in California introduced, but initially incorrectly referred to as Pinot Blanc. Further stocks are also said to be in Oregon and Washington give. The variety occupied a total of 12,365 hectares in 2010. It lies in the worldwide varieties ranking at rank 57.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)