The white grape comes from France, Synonyms include Auxerrois Gros, Blanc de Nantes, Bourguignon Blanc, Feuille Ronde, Gamay Blanc, Gros Blanc, Latran, Lyonnais, Lyonnaise Blanche, Melon, Melon Bijeli, Muscadet, Petit Bourgogne, Pétoin, Pétouin, Plant de Bourgogne and Savagnin Jaune. It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological not with the varieties Aligoté (Melon de Jura), Auxerrois. Chardonnay (Melon d'Arbois), Gros blanc. Pinot Blanc or Traminer (Savagnin Jaune) be confused.
Most recent in 2013 DNA analysis it is one of the many crossings between the two leading varieties Gouais blanc x Pinot, The medium maturing, high yielding vine is resistant to frost but very vulnerable to Botrytis, It produces more neutral-tasting, low-acid white wines with subtle nutmeg and citrus flavor, which is especially good for the distillation suitable.
The variety comes from the Burgundy where it was supposedly grown in the 13th century. In the Middle Ages, it spread under the name Plant de Bourgogne in the Loire Valley where it may have been mentioned around 1530 by the famous Franciscan monk François Rabelais (1494-1553). In the 17th century, it was named Muscadet to the dominant vine at the lower reaches of the Loire, during this time it served mainly as a base wine for brandy, Today it is grown there mainly in the Loire-Atlantique and Maine-et-Loire and used in four Muscadet appellation wines. The French acreage totaled 12,364 hectares in 2010, with a downward trend (ten years earlier it was 13,253 hectares). In Argentina the variety is cultivated on one hectare. In the 1980s she was in California introduced, but initially mistakenly referred to as Pinot Blanc. More stocks should also be in Oregon and Washington give. The variety occupied a total of 12,365 hectares in 2010. It is thus worldwide varieties ranking on rank 57.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)