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The red variety comes from the Iberian Peninsula, probably from Spain. Synonyms are Fernão Pires Tinta, Jaen, Jaen du Dão, Jaen Galego, Jaen Galeno, Loureiro Tinto ( Portugal ); Jaén Tinto, Mencía Pajaral, Mencía Pequeno ( Spain ). Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Juan Garcia. Jaén Tinto and Loureiro Tinto be confused. According to in 2015 DNA analysis is a presumably natural cross between Alfrocheiro x Patorra, The variety was first mentioned in the province of León in northwestern Spain towards the end of the 19th century, from where it is believed to have come. It is believed that it was brought by pilgrims on their way back from Santiago de Compostela to Portugal in the Dão region. Many genetic varieties of the variety in Spain indicate a Spanish origin, which is regarded as an indication of the place of origin.

Grape variety Mencía - grape and leaf

The early ripening vine is susceptible to the real and the wrong mildew unde Botrytis, It produces colorful, alcohol-rich red wines with aromas of raspberries and blackberries, as well as storage potential. The variety is mainly found in the regions Galicia and Castile and Leon, but also in Asturias and Catalonia cultured. It is approved in numerous Spanish DO areas, which include Bierzo. Monterrei. Rias Baixas. Ribeira Sacra. Ribeiro and valdeorras, The Spanish acreage totals 8,204 hectares. In Portugal it will mainly be in the two areas dão and Douro cultivated and grown here on a total of 2,454 hectares. In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 10,658 hectares of vines with a downward trend (ten years earlier it was 13,138 hectares). It lies in the worldwide varieties ranking at rank 66.

Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof - 76833 Siebeldingen, GERMANY

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