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The red grape variety comes from the Iberian Peninsula, probably from Spain. Synonyms are Fernão Pires Tinta, Jaen, Jaen du Dão, Jaen Galego, Jaen Galeno, Loureiro Tinto ( Portugal ); Jaén Tinto, Mencía Pajaral, Mencía Pequeno ( Spain ). It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Juan Garcia. Jaén Tinto and Loureiro Tinto be confused. According to done in 2015 DNA analysis it is a presumably natural cross between Alfrocheiro x Patorra, The variety was first mentioned in the province of León in northwestern Spain towards the end of the 19th century, from where it is likely to come from. It is believed that it was brought by pilgrims on their way back from Santiago de Compostela to Portugal in the Dão region. There are many genetic varieties of the variety in Spain, which is considered an indication of the place of descent.

Grape variety Mencía - grape and leaf

The early ripening vine is prone to both the true and the false mildew unde Botrytis, It produces colorful, alcohol-rich red wines with aromas of raspberries and blackberries, as well as storage potential. The variety is mainly in the regions Galicia and Castile and Leon, but also in Asturias and Catalonia cultivated. She is admitted in numerous Spanish DO areas, among others Bierzo. Monterrei. Rías Baixas. Ribeira Sacra. Ribeiro and valdeorras, The Spanish acreage totaled 8,204 hectares. In Portugal It is mainly in the two areas dão and Douro cultivated and cultivated here on a total of 2,454 hectares. The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 10,658 hectares of vineyards with a strong downward trend (ten years earlier, there had been 13,138 hectares). It is thus worldwide varieties ranking on rank 66.

Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Photos : Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof - 76833 Siebeldingen, GERMANY

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