The red variety comes from France, The name is probably from the French word for blackbird (Merle) derived because these birds like to snack on the very ripe berries. The name can also be an allusion to the black-blue color of the berries similar to the bird. There are over 60 Synonyms, which testify to the worldwide distribution. The most important are Alicante Noir, Bigney, Black Alicante, Blue Merlot, Bordò, Crabutet, Crabutet Noir, Hebigney, Médoc Noir, Merlau, Merlot Black, Merlot Blue, Merlot Crni, Merlot Nero, Merlot Noir, Merlot, Merlou, Picard, Pikard, Plant Médoc, Semillon Rouge, Vidal and Vitraille.
It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Carmenère or Menoir be confused. As Carmenère and Merlot vines are very similar in appearance, vines imported overseas in the vineyard were very often planted in a mixed set. Because of this, you kept in Chile The variety Carmenère falsely long time for one sport from Merlot.