From the Anatolian highlands to the Persian Gulf, a sprawling Near Eastern landscape between the rivers Euphrates and Tigris (hence "Mesopotamia") with an area of approximately 350,000 km². Today, the vast majority belongs to Iraq, smaller parts in the north and northwest are among Armenia. Lebanon. Syria and the Turkey, Located in the north Transcaucasia, which is associated with Mesopotamia as a possible source of cultured grapevine and wine culture applies. According to the latest research, however, the origin is said to lie in the adjacent Turkish southeast Anatolia (arrow). That's near the mountain Ararat in which loud Bible Noah landed and became the first wine grower. The first Wine but was probably derived from dates and especially mainly beer drinking. Presumably, beer is the oldest man-made alcoholic beverage before wine. In the 1st millennium BC In the 3rd century BC, wine was regularly drunk in this area by the higher class, a variety is referred to as the King's Potion. A found name "wine of the mountains" suggests that wine was probably mainly from the mountainous north (northern Iraq and northern Syria).