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French term (ie half-lease, part-lease) for old a lease in which the owner or lessor, the half-tenant leaves his land for a portion of the harvest. The landlord often directly affects the management, but the half-tenant is responsible for day-to-day operations. He also presents different materials like fertilizer and Pest control agents, as well as possibly machines available. The term "half-lease" is etymologically derived from the word "half = Moitié", which means half the product. However, this can differ depending on the local and temporal tradition and on the type of contract (today in France a maximum of one third). The half-tenant usually pays his share of the money he receives by selling his products. If he hands it over directly to the landlord, it is called a natural lease. In the past, this type of leasing was widespread, today it has fallen sharply. In viticulture this lease is called in France "Vigneronnage", in French Switzerland also "Grangère". Such a lease is still in the Burgundy common. See also below Customs in viticulture,

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