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Messico (I)
Mexique (F)
México, Méjico (ES)

Mexico is the oldest wine country on the American double continent or the New world, The Spanish Conquistador Hernando Cortez (1485-1547) had already in 1522 near Parras de la Fuente vines for the altar wine plant. He issued the macabre permission, for every hundred dead Indians a thousand vines allowed to plant. According to a milder version, 100 Indians could be taken as slaves for a thousand vines. Whether the historic Misión ( Listán Prieto ) was there, is not secured. In most cases, Franciscan monks are mentioned who are said to have introduced this vine around 1540. As a result, so much wine was produced here that imports from the Spanish homeland were no longer necessary. Therefore, King Philip II (1527-1598) forbade the further planting of vines.

In the north on the border with California The Baja California vineyard covers around 85% of its production. One of the pioneers was the Spanish company Domecq, which here about half of the vineyard belongs. Dimitri Tchelistcheff (Son of legendary André Tchelistcheff) was instrumental in introducing new cellar techniques. The vineyards of the area Aguascalientes lie on a plateau with 1,600 to 2,100 meters above sea level, the southernmost area is San Juan del Rio north of Mexico City. Well-known wine producers are LA Cetto, Bodegas Santo Tomas, Monte Xanic, Bodegas San Antonio and Cavas de Valmar. On the label is mostly listed only the type of wine, z. B. Vino de Fruta, Vino Dolce, Vermouth and Vino Blanco.

Parras de la Fuente in the state of Coahuila is still the center of Mexican viticulture with the already established in 1593 Marqués de Aguayo (now only brandy). Only from the 1970s, noble varieties from Europe were introduced. In 2012, the vineyards covered 29,000 hectares with decreasing trend (in 2000 it was 43,000 hectares). Of these, however, only 389,000 hectoliters of wine were produced (see below Wine production volumes ). By far the greater part of the grapes are spirits ( tequila ) and raisins produced. The Brandy "Presidente" is one of the world's most successful spirits, In large quantities will too pulque (Agave wine) drunk. Of the Blend 2010 (Statistics Kym Anderson ):

vine colour Synonyms hectare
Sultana White Sultanina, Sultaniye 841
Cabernet Sauvignon red - 756
mazuelo red Carignan, Cariñano 448
Merlot red - 391
Salvador Noire red Godfather Noir, Salvador 350
Chenin Blanc White - 275
Muscat Blanc White - 246
Fiesta White - 230
Tempranillo red - 229
Nebbiolo red - 180
Cardinal red - 168
Syrah red Shiraz 145
Garnacha Tinta red Grenache Noir 140
Durif red Petite Sirah 133
Sauvignon Blanc White - 120
Palomino White Palomino Fino 109
Jacquez red - 80

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