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Messico (I)
Mexique (F)
México, Méjico (ES)

Mexico is the oldest wine-growing country on the American double continent or the New world, The Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortez (1485-1547) already had vines for the Parras de la Fuente in 1522 altar wine plant. He issued the macabre permit, for every hundred dead Indians a thousand vines to be allowed to plant. According to a milder version, 100 Indians could be taken as slaves for a thousand vines. Whether the historic Misión (also mission = Listán Prieto ) was not guaranteed. Mostly Franciscan monks are mentioned who are said to have introduced this vine around 1540. As a result, so much wine was produced here that imports from the Spanish homeland were no longer necessary. Therefore, the Spanish King Philip II (1527-1598) banned the further planting of vines.

Mexico - vineyards in Baja California

In the north on the border too California the Baja California wine region stretches with around 85% of production. One of the pioneers was the Spanish company Domecq, which owns around half of the vineyards here. Dimitri Tchelistcheff (Son of the legendary André Tchelistcheff) was instrumental in introducing new cellar techniques. The vineyards of the Aguascalientes area are located on a plateau at 1,600 to 2,100 meters above sea level, the southernmost area is San Juan del Rio north of Mexico City. Well-known wine producers are LA Cetto, Bodegas Santo Tomás, Monte Xanic, Bodegas San Antonio and Cavas de Valmar. On the label is usually only the type of wine listed, e.g. B. Vino de Fruta, Vino Dolce, Vermouth and Vino Blanco.

Parras de la Fuente in the state of Coahuila is still the center of Mexican viticulture with the Marqués de Aguayo company, which was founded in 1593 (today only brandy). It was only from the 1970s that fine varieties were introduced from Europe. In 2012, the vineyards covered 29,000 hectares with a downward trend (in 2000 there were 43,000 hectares). However, only 389,000 hectoliters of wine were produced (see under Wine production volumes ). From the vast majority of the grapes spirits ( tequila ) and raisins produced. The brandy "Presidente" is one of the most successful worldwide spirits, In large quantities too pulque (Agave wine) drunk. The Blend 2010 (Statistics Kym Anderson ):

vine colour Synonyms hectare
Sultana White Sultanina, Sultaniye 841
Cabernet Sauvignon red - 756
mazuelo red Carignan, Cariñano 448
Merlot red - 391
Salvador Noire red Pate Noir, Salvador 350
Chenin Blanc White - 275
Muscat Blanc White - 246
Fiesta White - 230
Tempranillo red - 229
Nebbiolo red - 180
Cardinal red - 168
Syrah red Shiraz 145
Garnacha Tinta red Grenache Noir 140
Durif red Petite Sirah 133
Sauvignon Blanc White - 120
Palomino White Palomino Fino 109
Jacquez red - 80

Picture: By Gabriel Flores Romero from Tecate,
México - originally posted to Flickr as viñedos , CC BY 2.0 , Link

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