The Russian botanist and plant breeder Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin or in other spelling Ivan Vladimirovic Micurin or Michurin (1855-1935) was born in Koslow. Because of his later great successes his hometown was renamed after him to Michurinsk. He succeeded frost resistant
Cultivating fruit varieties for the continental climate of Russia, which made the orchards for wide areas of this country with low winter temperatures in the first place possible. He received no support under the Tsarist regime, but shortly after the October Revolution he received large funds and created 300 new varieties, including many new varieties
of vines. By the way, one of the varieties is also called Mitschurinski
, His indisputable achievements must, however, also be viewed critically.
Michurin was of the opinion that seedlings
by education and suitable grafting partners and not by Mendel's laws. The changes thus made, Michurin mistakenly considered hereditary. His views became the basis of official party doctrine and binding on the country. On the basis of Michurin's ideas emerged throughout the USSR and after the Second World War, and in most Eastern Bloc countries schools and scientific institutions that do not develop the hereditary teachings of the Augustinian monk Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), but the methods of the Soviet man Michurin and teach should. Botany became party matter and ideology. The result was that fruit and vegetables became a scarce commodity in the Eastern bloc in the early 1960s. See also the topic under breeding