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Middle Rhine

Middle Rhine (GB)

The production area is largely located in the Land of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany, with a small area in North Rhine-Westphalia. The vineyards cover 470 hectares of vineyards, which extend from the community of Oberdollendorf near Königswinter opposite Bonn to the north of Bingen, partly on both banks of the Rhine's eponymous middle course. The town of Koblenz lies at the heart of the beautiful river landscape. The Romans founded winegrowing here after the founding of the cities of Cologne (Colonia) and Bonn (Bonna). There was a heyday in the Middle Ages under the leadership of the Cistercians, who built the monastery Heisterbach above Oberdollendorf, which today only exists as a ruin. The town of Bacharach is an ancient wine trading centre.

Karte vom Anbaugebiet Mittelrhein

The famous "Wirtshaus an der Lahn" is located in Niederlahnstein. Near the community of St. Goarshausen lies the world-famous 132-metre-high Loreley rock. The legend from the 19th century tells that here a mermaid attracted the Rhine boatmen with her lovely song and made their boats smash against the slate rock. The poet Heinrich Heine (1797-1856) made the Loreley world-famous with the lines "I don't know what it means that I am so sad". She is also the patron saint and landmark of the growing region. Every year on the first weekend in September, the "Mittelrhein Wine Forum" takes place at Rheinfels Castle, St. Goar am Loreleyfelsen, and on the first Saturday in May, the "Mittelrhein Wine Fair" is held in Bacharach-Steeg.

Climate and soil

The vineyards extend over 120 kilometres on both sides of the Rhine, deep into the side valleys. Some of them are also found on the banks of the Lahn. The scenically almost overwhelmingly beautiful area with many castle ruins presents itself as a narrow band of vineyards, some of which cling to the steeply rising slopes of the river in terraces. UNESCO took this into account when it declared the Middle Rhine Valley between Bingen-Büdesheim and Koblenz a World Heritage Site in 2002. The wind-protected locations benefit from many sunny days; the Rhine acts as an excellent heat accumulator. The soils consist of weathered slate and greywacke, scattered loess islands and in the north volcanic rock. More than 80% of the vineyards are on steep slopes with at least 30% inclination, the rest almost exclusively on hillsides. Some, such as in Bopparder Hamm, are among the steepest vineyards in Germany. The extensive cultivation leads to a continuous shrinking of the areas. In the last 30 years this has been around 40%.

Rheinschleife - Gemeinden Osterspai, Filsen und Boppard

Areas, communities and locations

The growing area is divided into the two areas of Loreley and Siebengebirge with eleven large vineyards and 111 individual vineyards. The Loreley area is divided into the ten major sites of Hammerstein Castle, Rheinfels Castle, Gedeonseck, Lahn Valley, Loreley Rock, Marksburg, Herrenberg Castle, Schönburg Castle, Stahleck Castle and Reichenstein Castle. Typical here is the terraced viticulture. Well-known winegrowing communities with their individual sites are:

  • Bacharach: Hahn, Heylesen Werth Island, Fürstental Monastery, Post, Wolf's Cave
  • Bad Hönningen: Castle hill
  • Bopparder Hamm: angel stone, cask lay, fire lay, almond stone, Ohlenberg, wine pit
  • Braubach: Koppelstein
  • Damscheid: Sonnenstock
  • Dattenberg: Gertrudenberg
  • Ehrenbreitstein: Kreuzberg
  • Engehöll: amber, golden mouth
  • Filsen: Parish garden
  • Hammerstein: Hell, In the Lay Rock
  • Kamp-Bornhofen: Liebenstein-Sterrenberg, pilgrimage trail
  • Kaub: Baking oven, Blücher valley, Gutenfels castle, Pfalzgrafenstein, Rauschelay, Roßstein
  • Kestert: Liebenstein-Sterrenberg
  • Koblenz: Kreuzberg, Schnorbach bridge
  • Leutesdorf: Forstberg, Gartenlay, Rosenberg
  • Manubach: Langgarten, Mönchwingert, St. Oswald
  • Niederheimbach: Merry vineyard, Reifersley, Hohneck Castle
  • Nochern: Brno
  • Oberdiebach: Bishop's hub, Fürstenberg
  • Oberheimberg: Römerberg, sun, truth
  • Obernhof: Goetheberg
  • Oberwesel: Oelsberg, Römerkrug, St. Martinsberg
  • Osterspai: Liebeneck-Sonnenlay
  • Patersberg: Devil's stone
  • Perscheid: Rose Valley
  • Rheinbrohl: Monte Jup, Römerberg
  • Rhens: King Wenceslas, Sonnenlay
  • Steeg: Hambusch, Lennenborn, St. Jost
  • St. Goarshausen: Katz Castle, Maus Castle, Loreley Nobility
  • Unkel: mountain, sun mountain
  • Urban: Beulsberg
  • Vallendar: Royal Court
  • Weinähr: Gable hell

Bacharach Mittelrhein - Burg Stahleck - Einzellagen Posten (vorne) und Wolfshöhle (hinten)

The Siebengebirge area with the Petersberg vineyard is located in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and comprises around 25 hectares of vineyards. The winegrowing communities and individual sites:

  • Bad Honnef: Dragon rock
  • Bonn: Rheinaue
  • Königswinter: Dragon rock, Goldenfeet, Heisterberg, Laurentiusberg, Sülzenberg
  • Niederdollendorf: Goldenfeetchen, Heisterberg, Longenburgerberg
  • Oberdollendorf: Laurentiusberg, Rose Hill, Brawn Mountain
  • Rhöndorf: Dragon rock

List of vine varieties

There were no major changes compared to 2009. In the lead with two thirds of the stock is the Riesling, followed by the Pinot Noir with just under 10%. The status 2018 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):

Grape variety
german Main name
In Germany
common synonyms
Colour Hectare
2018
%-
Ant
Hectare
2009
Riesling White Riesling, Rhine Riesling white 308 66,2 306
Pinot Noir
inclusive velvet red
Pinot Noir, Blauer S., Pinot Noir
Blue Pinot Noir clone Samtrot
red 46 9,9 40
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner, Riesling-Sylvaner white 23 5,0 28
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc white 21 4,5 13
Ruländer Pinot Gris, Pinotgris white 17 3,7 10
Dornfelder - red 11 2,4 14
Kerner - white 8 1,7 14
Portuguese Blue Portuguese red 5 1,1 7
Scrubber Seedling 88 white 5 1,1 5
Chardonnay - white 3 0,7 1
Regent - red 3 0,7 4
Red traminer Traminer / Gewürztraminer white 2 0,4 2
Blanc sauvignon Nutmeg Sylvaner white 2 0,4 0
Bacchus - white 1 0,2 2
Cabernet dorsa - red 1 0,2 0
Dark fields - red 1 0,2 2
Ehrenfelser - white 1 0,2 1
Yellow Muscatel Muscat Blanc, Muscat Plate white 1 0,2 -
Huxelrebe - white 1 0,2 1
Milling vine Black Riesling, Pinot Meunier red 1 0,2 1
Silvaner Green Silvaner, Sylvaner white 1 0,2 1
Auxerrois Lesser Heunisch white 0 - 0
Cabernet blanc - white 0 - -
Cabernet cortis - red 0 - -
Cabernet franc - red 0 - -
Cabernet Mitos - red 0 - -
Faberrebe - white 0 - 1
Early Burgundy Blauer Frühburgunder, Clevner red 0 - 0
Helios - white 0 - -
Dakapo - red 0 - 0
Cover Red - red 0 - 0
Ehrenbreitsteiner - white 0 - 0
Gold Muscat - white 0 - -
Green Veltliner Weißgipfler white 0 - 0
Johanniter - white 0 - 0
Merlot - red 0 - -
Morio Muscat - white 0 - -
Muscaris - white 0 - -
Optima Optima 113 white 0 - 1
Ortega - white 0 - 1
Phoenix - white 0 - 0
Reichensteiner - white 0 - 0
Rotberger - red 0 - 0
Red elk Elbling, Kleinberger white 0 - 0
Schönburger - white 0 - 0
Saint Laurent Saint Laurent red 0 - 0
Solaris - white 0 - -
Souvignier Gris - white 0 - -
Syrah Shiraz red 0 - -
Spices - white 0 - 0
Bouvier Boulder white - - 0
Cabernet sauvignon - red - - 0
Nutmeg Ottonel - white - - 0
Nobling - white - - 0
Osteiner - white - - 0
Précoce de Malingre Formerly Malingre, Malinger white - - 0
otherwise. white varieties - white 3 0,7 0
otherwise. red varieties - red 0 - 0
WHITE TYPES 400 85,1 389
RED VARIETIES 70 14,9 69
TOTAL 470 100 458


Producers

Well-known producers are for example Bastian Friedrich, Didinger, Dr. Kauer, Heilig Grab, Hohn Peter, Königshof, Lambrich Albert, Lanius-Knab, Mohr und Söhne, Müller Matthias, Perll August, Ockenfels, Ratzenberger, Toni Jost Hahnenhof, Villa Riesling and Weingart Florian.

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