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Missouri

In the state in the Midwest of the USA With the capital Jefferson City, viticulture was immigrants from the early 19th century Germany and the Switzerland affected. The area around the village of Dutzow, founded by Germans in 1832, is still called Missouri-Rhineland today. After the American Civil War (1861-1865) for some time Missouri dissolved the state Ohio as the most vines-rich country of the former USA from. In 1873, the French biologist Jules Émile Planchon (1823-1888) a study trip in connection with the phylloxera catastrophe and met there with the responsible for Missouri entomologist Charles Valentine Riley (1843-1895) together. As a result, were from nurseries State of millions of documents to France and other countries in the fight against the phylloxera delivered. Among others, these were from the breeder Hermann Hunter (1844-1895) created varieties. At the beginning of the 20th century, Missouri was the second largest wine producer in the nation and also gained international prestige, but above all by the American prohibition (1920-1933) it came to a decline.

AVA Augusta seen from the winery Montelle Winery

For the revival and the quality boom of the Missouri wine industry in the 1960s and 1970s were especially the winemakers Millard Cohen, Howard Nason and Lucian W. Dressel (Mount Pleasant Winery). They caused Augusta 1980 to be classified as the first AVA area in the US. The climate in Missouri is characterized by harsh winters with blatant temperature fluctuations (frost and thaw). Therefore, almost exclusively frost hardy hybrids and varieties of the species Vitis labrusca cultivated. The best wines are those from the white varieties Seyval blanc. Vidal Blanc and Vignoles, as well as from the historical red variety Norton, In Missouri were also the hybrid varieties Elvira and Missouri Riesling bred. Only around Augusta are also European varieties represented. As AVA The four areas are classified Augusta, Hermann, Ozark Highlands and Ozark Mountain. The best known of the 40 producers are Augusta Winery, Blumenhof, Hermannhof (German origin - founded in 1852), Les Bourgeois, Montelle, Mount Pleasant, St. James and Stone Hill.

Picture: From Agne27 in Wikipedia in English , CC BY-SA 3.0 , link

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