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Missouri

In the state in the Midwest United States With the capital, Jefferson City, viticulture started out at the beginning of the 19th century Germany and the Switzerland affected. The area around Dutzow, founded by Germans in 1832, is still called Missouri-Rhineland. After the American Civil War (1861-1865), Missouri dissolved the state for some time Ohio as the most vine-rich country of that time United States from. In 1873, the French biologist Jules Émile Planchon (1823-1888) a study trip in connection with the phylloxera disaster and met there with the entomologist Charles Valentine responsible for Missouri Riley (1843-1895) together. As a result, nurseries of the state millions of documents to France and other countries in the fight against phylloxera delivered. Among others, these were from the breeder Hermann Hunter (1844-1895) created varieties. At the beginning of the 20th century, Missouri was the nation's second largest wine producer and also gained international renown, but above all through the American one prohibition (1920-1933) there was a decline.

AVA Augusta seen from the Montelle Winery

The winemakers Millard Cohen, Howard Nason and Lucian W. were particularly responsible for the rebirth and quality boom of the Missouri wine industry in the 1960s and 1970s. Dressel (Mount Pleasant Winery) responsible. They caused Augusta to be classified as the first AVA division in the United States in 1980. The climate in Missouri is characterized by harsh winters with extreme temperature fluctuations (frost and thaw). That is why they are almost exclusively frost hardy hybrids and varieties of the species Vitis labrusca cultured. The best wines are those from the white varieties Seyval Blanc. Vidal Blanc and Vignoles, as well as from the historical red variety Norton, The hybrid varieties were also found in Missouri Elvira and Missouri Riesling bred. European varieties are only present around Augusta. As AVA the four areas are classified Augusta, Hermann, Ozark Highlands and Ozark Mountain. The best known of the around 40 producers are Augusta Winery, Blumenhof, Hermannhof (German origin - founded in 1852), Les Bourgeois, Montelle, Mount Pleasant, St. James and Stone Hill.

Image: From Agne27 at English Wikipedia , CC BY-SA 3.0 , link

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