The Russian botanist and plant breeder Ivan Vladimirovich Mitschurin or in other spelling Ivan Vladimirovic Micurin or Michurin (1855-1935) was born in Koslow. Because of his later great success, his hometown was renamed Mitschurinsk after him. He managed frost resistant
To breed fruit for the continental climate of Russia, which made fruit growing possible for large areas of this country with low winter temperatures. He received no support under the tsarist regime, but shortly after the October Revolution, he received large funds and subsequently created 300 new varieties, including many new varieties
of vines. By the way, one of the varieties is also called Mitschurinski
, However, some of its undeniable achievements must also be viewed critically.
Mitschurin believed that seedlings
be influenced by upbringing and suitable graft partners and not by Mendel's laws. Mitschurin mistakenly considered the changes achieved in this way to be hereditary. His views became the basis of official party teaching and binding for the country. On the basis of Mitschurin's ideas, schools and scientific institutions emerged throughout the USSR and after the Second World War, including in most of the Eastern Bloc countries, which did not develop and teach the methods of the Soviet man Mitchurin, not the inheritance theory of the Augustinian monk Gregor Mendel (1822-1884) should. Botany became part of the party and ideology. As a result, fruit and vegetables became a scarce commodity in the Eastern Bloc in the early 1960s. See also under breeding