A common form of vineyard design (also a mixed set) that was widespread in Europe until the 17th century. The varieties were planted together in a vineyard for practical reasons because of the risk minimization, in order to guarantee reliability or quality that was as constant as possible. That is why varieties with different Maturity date (early to late) and mixed acidity. As a rule, up to seven varieties were planted, although these naturally differed depending on the wine-growing region. Typical varieties were Chasselas. Elbling. feeder. Hanns, Heunisch ( Gouais Blanc ) Müller-Thurgau. muscatel. Neuburger. Green grove. Orleans. Austro-White, Pinot Blanc ( Pinot Blanc ), Pinot Noir ( Pinot Noir ) Riesling. Sylvaner. Traminer. Green Valtellina and Zierfandler, The result was often a light red wine, as there were also red varieties among them.
A mixed sentence means strictly speaking read, pressed and aged together, but the grapes can of course also come from different vineyards. The name is not only used for the vineyard stocking, but also for the finished wine. In contrast, a classic Cuvée only the finished fermented wines blended together. If different types are fermented together, one speaks of one mixed fermentation, This form is becoming increasingly fashionable today.
In Austria, the mixed set in classic form with different varieties is still widespread in a vineyard and accounts for a total of around 3% of the total area under vines. Such vineyards are most common in the wine-growing regions Wien (14% of the area), Carnuntum (12%) and Wagram (11%). That makes a total of around 1,400 hectares of vineyards. The still great popularity of this type of wine in Austria is testified by an old saying or apt phrase: "A grape variety is a violin, but the mixed movement is an orchestra".
The term mixed sentence is a protected term of origin within the EU and only for Austria authorized. The wine must be a blend of different types of white wine and up to a maximum of 15% red wine (this restriction applies from 2018). It is a country wine or quality wine, which is mixed by blending either grapes or mashed, each of different grape varieties from the same wine-growing region (at quality wine ) or the same wine-growing region (at country wine ) was produced. The grapes do not have to come from the same vineyard and the country wine does not even have to come from the same wine-growing region, which actually contradicts the traditional definition. The term used in Styria Styrian mixed set refers to the grape varieties.
In the Austrian capital Wien is the typical one this year served wine a mixed set. In order to build on the old tradition, special requirements for a special type of wine were set by an association. The vintage-controlled DAC wine has been available since the 2013 vintage Vienna mixed set,
In German growing area Franconia there is an "Old Franconian mixed sentence Anno Domini" from the position of Zehntgraf (Wipfeld). The historic vineyard covers 90 hectares of vineyards. This wine turns white and red Elbling, Greener and Blue Silvaner. Riesling. Traminer. muscatel, Pinot Noir ( Pinot Noir ) and Blue Portuguese pressed and classically aged in wooden barrels. The term mixed sentence is only allowed on the back label be cited. Well-known wines in Germany, which correspond to a mixed sentence, are the Badisch rose gold (Baden) and the Schillerwein (Württemberg).
All tools, work and measures in the vineyard during the growth cycle can be found at Weingarten Care, Complete lists of the numerous vinification measures and cellar techniques, as well as a list of the wine, sparkling wine and distillate types regulated by wine law are under the keyword winemaking contain. Comprehensive information on wine law is available at wine law,