A widespread until the 17th century in Europe and usual form of vineyard design (also mixed set). The varieties were for practical reasons because of the risk minimization "mixed mixed" in a vineyard planted together to ensure reliability or as constant as possible quality. Therefore, varieties with different Maturity date (early to late) and mixed with different acidity. There were usually planted up to seven varieties, which of course were different depending on the wine region. Typical varieties were Chasselas. Elbling. feeder. Hanns, Heunisch ( Gouais blanc ) Müller-Thurgau. muscatel. Neuburger. Green Hainer. Orleans. Austro-White, Pinot Blanc ( Pinot Blanc ), Pinot Noir ( Pinot Noir ) Riesling. Sylvaner. Traminer. Green Valtellina and Zierfandler, The result was often a bright red wine, as well as red wines were among them.
Strictly speaking, the mixed phrase means read together, pressed and expanded, but of course the grapes can come from different vineyards. The name is therefore not only used for the vineyard stock, but also for the finished wine. In contrast, in a classic Cuvée first the finished fermented wines blended together. If different varieties fermented together, it is called one mixed fermentation, This form is becoming more and more fashionable today.
In Austria, the mixed set in classical form with different varieties in a vineyard is still widespread today and accounts for around 3% of the total vineyard area. Most often there are such vineyards in the vineyards Wien (14% of the area), Carnuntum (12%) and Wagram (11%). This results in a total of about 1,400 hectares of vineyards. The still great popularity of this type of wine in Austria testifies an old adage or apt phrase: "A grape variety is a violin, but the mixed sentence is an orchestra".
The term mixed sentence is protected as a traditional term within the EU and exclusively for Austria authorized. The wine must be a blend of different white wine and a maximum of 15% red wines (this restriction applies from 2018). It is a country wine or quality wine, by mixing either grapes or also mixed, each different grape varieties of the same wine region (in quality wine ) or the same winegrowing region (at country wine ) was produced. The grapes do not have to originate from the same vineyard or from the same wine-growing region in the case of the local wine, which actually contradicts the traditional definition. The term used in Styria Styrian mixed set refers to the grape varieties.
In the Austrian capital Wien is the typical one this year Wrapped wine a mixed set. In order to build on the old tradition, a club set special requirements for a special type of wine. Since the 2013 vintage, there is the origin-controlled DAC wine Viennese mixed sentence,
In german cultivation area Franconia there is an "Altfränkisch mixed sentence Anno Domini" from the position Zehntgraf (Wipfeld). The historic vineyard covers 90 hectares of vineyards. This wine is made of white and red Elbling, Green and Blue Silvaner. Riesling. Traminer. muscatel, Pinot Noir ( Pinot Noir ) and Blue Portuguese pressed and classic aged in wooden barrels. However, the term mixed sentence may only be used on the back label be cited. Well-known wines in Germany, which correspond mutatis mutandis to a mixed sentence, are the Badish rose gold (Baden) and the Schillerwein (Württemberg).
All aids, works and measures in the vineyard during the growth cycle one finds below Weingarten Care, Complete listings of the numerous vinification measures and cellar techniques, as well as a list of wine-regulated wine, sparkling wine and distillate types are under the keyword winemaking contain. Comprehensive information under wine law is available at wine law,