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Moldova

Moldavia (GB)
Moldavia (I)
Moldavia (ES)
Moldávia (PO)
Moldavie (F)
Moldavië (N)

The current state is in 1991 due to the disintegration of the USSR emerged. Its geographical roots lie in the historical landscape Bessarabia (see history there). Through numerous archaeological finds such as amphorae and grape seeds is proven that viticulture has been practiced here for over 5,000 years. In the north, east and south, the state of the Ukraine enclosed. It borders in the west Romania, whose influence can be felt through the long common history in viticulture. The princes of Moldova established their own wine culture in the Middle Ages. However, this broke from the beginning of the 16th century under the 300-year Ottoman rule and the associated alcohol ban together again.

After the Russian-Turkish war, viticulture was reactivated in 1812. Many French grape varieties were introduced in the second half of the 19th century. The viticulture then suffered towards the end of the 20th century phylloxera disaster again severe setbacks or losses. After a short rest, a large part of the vineyards and wineries were destroyed by the two world wars. Reconstruction started in the 1950s. Within ten years, 150,000 hectares were planted and the vine stock grew well over 200,000 hectares. In the USSR, Moldova became the largest wine producer with around a quarter of its production. In the 1980s, however, under Mikhail Gorbachev many vineyards cleared again, especially in the north.

Numerous legends and anecdotes testify to the ancient wine-growing tradition. One of the most famous stories is that of the storks: Once again there was a Turkish invasion; the enemy besieged a fortress near Grodieshti. The brave defenders ran out of water and food, and the strength of the fighters was slowly running out. Suddenly hundreds of storks appeared in the sky, which with the help of the wind and their strong wing beats drove the enemy to the ground. The storks threw bundles of vines from their beaks down to the defenders. The warriors were saved from thirst and hunger. The domestic fortress was successfully defended with new strength, and the Turkish enemy had to withdraw. Since then, the stork has been a symbol of happiness and contentment. The stork with grapes symbolizes Moldavian viticulture and is included in the logo of the Viticulture Association (source: WIKIPEDIA).

In 2012, the vineyard area comprised a total of 142,000 hectares, of which 1.47 million hectoliters of wine were produced (see also under Wine production volumes ). More than half is used for growing table grapes used. Viticulture has an eminent economic importance. Wine products, fruits and vegetables are the main export items. Around 70% of European standard varieties are cultivated. Two thirds of white wine and one third of red wine are grown. The Blend 2010 (Statistics Kym Anderson ):

vine colour Synonyms or Moldavian name hectare
Aligoté White Mahranauli 15790
Rkatsiteli White - 11508
Isabella red - 11401
Sauvignon Blanc White Sotern Marunt, Verdo Belîi 8151
Merlot red - 8123
Cabernet Sauvignon red - 7590
Pinot Noir red Cerna, Pino Fran, Pino Ceren 6521
Chardonnay White Wais Noble, Waiser Clevner 5134
Feteasca Alba White Fetișoară, Păsărească Albă, Poamă Fetei Albă 4334
Gewurztraminer / Traminer White Traminer Musqué, Traminer Rose 2731
Pinot gris White Râjik 2042
Muscat Ottonel White - 1520
Riesling White Rislinoc 1343
Bastardo Magarachsky red - 1040
Saperavi red - 716
Sukholimansky Bely White - 599
Pinot Blanc White Burgundy Veisser, Pino Belîi 350
Müller-Thurgau White - 173
Muscat Blanc / muscatel White - 172
Sylvaner White Salfin 98
Băbească Neagră red Poamă Rara Neagră, Rastriopa 80
Noah White - 71
Pervomaisky red - 64
Gamay complexion Fréaux red - 55
Golubok red Goluboc 50
Viorika White Viorica 40
Cot red Cagors, Nuar de Presac 39
Saperavi Severny red Saperavi Severnii 25
Muscat de Yaloven White Muscat de Ialoveni 20
Negru de Yaloven red Negru de Ialoveni 15
Bianca White - 15
Gamay complexion de Bouze red - 10
Codrinski red - 5
Ilichevskii Rannii red - 5
Onitskanskii Belyi White - 5
Droujba White - 3
Alb de Yaloven White Alb de Ialoveni 2
Rubin Tairovsky red - 2
Riton White - 2
Doina red - ?
Fetească Neagră red Coada Răndunicii, Păsărească Neagră ?
Gordin White Boskokwi ?
Kodryanka red Codreanca, Kodrianka ?
Luminitsa White Loumnitza ?

The geographical and climatic conditions are very favorable for viticulture. Moldova is at the same latitude as the French Burgundy, There is a continental climate with high solar radiation. In 1954, after extensive studies, a professor PI Ivanov divided Moldova into four agricultural-cultural zones with different climates. White wine grapes are mainly produced in the northern Balti region for the production of brandy, fortified wines and simple wines. The central region of Codru with the capital Chisinau is surrounded by forested mountains. Here are more than half of the vineyards and the most famous wineries such as the former tsar estate romanesti,

In the city's famous 65 km underground cellars Cricova store the sparkling wines produced in the winery of the same name as well as an extensive historical wine collection. Among other things, excellent red wines are pressed in this region. The region of Cahul in the south is climatically particularly suitable for red and sweet wines. The fourth region of Purcari (also called Nistreana) is located in the southeast of the country along the western bank of the Nister. She is known for her aging red wines in the Bordeaux style, such as the "Negru de Purcari" produced by the winery of the same name. Towards the end of the 19th century, Purcari wines were delivered to the English royal court, among others.

In contrast to the other former USSR countries, the proportion of dry wines is relatively high, but there are also traditional sweet dessert wines. The famous port wine-like tradition has a two hundred year tradition Kagor, Almost two thirds of the production comes from cooperative wineries. Well-known producers in Moldova are for example Acorex, Aroma, Branesti, Château Vartel, Ciumai, Comrat, Cricova, Dionysos Mereni, Milestii Mici, Purcari, romanesti, Taraclia and Trifesti. Around 90% of wine production is exported; with over 80% for the most part Russia, In March 2006, the Russian government imposed an import ban on Moldovan and Georgian Wine products in force. The ban was officially read because of alleged violations of health regulations (excessive pollution). The embargo was lifted in November 2007. The high export share was, however, greatly reduced in the long term.

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