General name for a lawn-shaped mushroom coating (mycelia = branched cell threads) on organic matter in various colors (white, green, green-blue, pink, gray, black). This is particularly common on sugar-containing substances such as bread, cheese and fruits such as on grapes, The emergence is due to humid weather or high humidity promoted. Also, individual berries can have negative effects on the wine and may be on the Table de tri (Sorting table) removed.
The most common mold fungi in the vineyard are among the genera Aspergillus. Botrytis. Cladosporium. Penicillium and Trichothecium, Through these are different types of bunch rot caused. Even with a lack of hygiene In the cellar in places with Most- or Weinresten often molds occur. You can do that Schimmel taste cause and are also present corked essentially involved. On the berries can through metabolism mycotoxins such as Ochratoxin A. patulin and trichothecenes are formed. Among the few desirable species count Botrytis cinerea (Noble rot) at very sweet Crying and the basement mold, See also below mushrooms and microorganisms, as well as under wine faults,