General term for a lawn-shaped mushroom coating (mycelia = branched cell threads) on organic substances in different colors (white, green, green-blue, pink, gray, black). This is particularly common on sugar-containing substances such as bread, cheese and fruits such as grapes, The formation is caused by warm, humid weather or high humidity promoted. Even individual berries can have negative effects on the wine and may be on the Table de tri (Sorting table) removed.
The most common types of mold in the vineyard are genera Aspergillus. Botrytis. Cladosporium. Penicillium and Trichothecium, These are different types of bunch rot caused. Even if there is not enough hygiene In the cellar in places with must or wine residues, mold often occurs. You can do that Schimmel taste cause and are also at corked essentially involved. The berries can be metabolized mycotoxins such as Ochratoxin A. patulin and trichothecenes are formed. The few desired species include Botrytis cinerea (Noble rot) at very sweet Cry as well as the basement mold, See also under mushrooms and microorganisms, as well as under wine faults,