General name for a lawn-shaped mushroom coating (mycelia = branched cell threads) on organic matter in various colors (white, green, green-blue, pink, gray, black). This is especially common on sugar-containing substances such as bread, cheese and fruits such as on grapes, The emergence is due to humid weather or high humidity promoted. Also, individual berries can have a negative effect on the wine and may be on the Table de tri (Sorting table) removed.
The most common types of mold in the vineyard are among the genera Aspergillus. Botrytis. Cladosporium. Penicillium and Trichothecium, Through these are different types of bunch rot caused. Even with lack of hygiene In the cellar in places with cider or wine residues often occur mold fungi. You can do that Schimmel taste cause and are also present corked essentially involved. On the berries can through metabolism mycotoxins such as Ochratoxin A. patulin and trichothecene are formed. Among the few desirable species count Botrytis cinerea (Noble rot) at very sweet Crying and the basement mold, See also below mushrooms and microorganisms, as well as under wine faults,