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molecular Genetics

Term for a branch of molecular biology for the study of the structure of the genome (totality of the genetic material in an organism) and the function and the interaction of genes (which in the chromosomes of each cell nucleus on the DNA strand localized genetic factors). Genetic engineering or Genetic Engineering is the application of genetic methods for the practice and means mostly the artificial gene manipulation with the aim of the new contribution of desired, so far nonexistent characteristics such as resistance against fungal diseases into an existing organism by the technically feasible implantation of individual replicated foreign genes from alien organisms into the genome of a variety or breed.

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