The red grape variety comes from France. There are around 80 synonyms, the most important alphabetically grouped by country are Refosco (confusingly in California ); Angelique, Argillet, Argilliere, Begeain, Begean, Bon Savoyan, Chétouan, Chétuan, Chintuan, Cintuan, Grand Chétuan, Grand Syrah, Maldoux, Mandoux, Persia, Petite Persaigne, Plant Maldoux, Savoyan, Syrah Grosse ( France ); Gros Rouge ( Switzerland ). It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Douce Noire. Genouillet. MILGRANET. Persan. Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso or Syrah be confused.
According to a hypothesis, it is at Mondeuse Noire to a descendant of Pliny the Elder (23-79) Allobrogica act. But missing historical or botanical evidence. According to 2012 done DNA analysis she is from a supposedly natural cross between Mondeuse Blanche x Tressot Noir emerged. However, this is based on only 19 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ). The sorts Mornen Noir and servanin are direct descendants through probably natural crosses. A color mutation is Mondeuse Grise, Mondeuse Noire was also crossing partner of the new breed Calzin,
The medium-maturing vine is sensitive to drought, as well as prone to chlorosis. mites and both mildews, It produces tannin-stressed, strong-colored, high-alcohol red wines with a slightly bitter cherry flavor, which have aging potential. The variety was first mentioned in 1731 under the name Maldoux. She is in the region Savoy in the two areas Bugey and Vin de Savoie authorized. After a decline in the 1970s, it now occupies in France again 296 hectares of vineyards.
Small stocks exist in the Switzerland and in Italy (in DOC wine Sicilia approved) with four hectares each. In California was / is mistakenly named Refosco guided. Here she is often together with Syrah grown. There are therefore only inaccurate estimates of about 40 hectares. In Australia ( Rutherglen ) it is cultivated on one hectare. In 2010, a total of 303 hectares were designated (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)