The red grape variety comes from France. There are around 80 synonyms, the most important of which are grouped alphabetically by country: Refosco (confusingly in California ); Angelique, Argillet, Argilliere, Begeain, Begean, Bon Savoyan, Chétouan, Chétuan, Chintuan, Cintuan, Grand Chétuan, Grosse Syrah, Maldoux, Mandoux, Persagne, Petite Persaigne, Plant Maldoux, Savoyan, Syrah Grosse ( France ); Gros Rouge ( Switzerland ). Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Douce Noire. Genouillet. MILGRANET. Persan. Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso or Syrah be confused.
According to a hypothesis, Mondeuse Noire is a descendant of the Pliny the Elder (23-79) Allobrogica act. However, historical or botanical evidence is missing. According to 2012 DNA analysis is from a presumably natural cross between Mondeuse Blanche x Tressot Noir emerged. However, this is based on only 19 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ). The sorts Mornen Noir and servanin are direct descendants through probably natural crosses. A color mutation is Mondeuse grise, Mondeuse Noire was also a crossing partner of the new breed Calzin,
The medium-ripening vine is sensitive to drought, as well as prone to chlorosis. mites and both mildews, It produces tannin-emphasized, colorful, alcohol-rich red wines with a slightly bitter cherry aroma, which have aging potential. The variety was first mentioned in 1731 under the name Maldoux. It is in the region Savoy in the two areas Bugey and Vin de Savoie authorized. After a decline in the 1970s, it now occupies in France again 296 hectares of vineyards.
There are small stocks in the Switzerland and in Italy (in DOC wine Sicilia approved) with four hectares each. In California was / is incorrectly named Refosco guided. Here she is often with Syrah grown. Therefore, there are only inaccurate estimates with about 40 hectares. In Australia ( Rutherglen ) it is cultivated on one hectare. In 2010, a total of 303 hectares were designated (cym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)