DOC area for red wines, rosé wines and white wines in the Italian region Piedmont, which is named after the former Margraviate of the same name. It is considered to be one of the oldest wine-growing regions or perhaps even the origin of wine-growing in Piedmont, which is demonstrated by numerous finds from amphorae and artifacts is documented. The large area comprises around 1,200 hectares of vineyards in a total of 229 municipalities in the two provinces Asti (116) and Alessandria (113). The subzone Monferrato Casalese comprises 39 municipalities in the province of Alessandria, for which it also has the independent DOC area Grignolino del Monferrato Casalese gives. Other independent Monferrato enclaves are Barbera del Monferrato and Cortese dell'Alto Monferrato,
The Chiaretto or Ciaret (Rosato) is used in any variety Barbera. Bonarda Piemontese. Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Sauvignon. Dolcetto. Freisa. Grignolino. Nebbiolo and Pinot Nero = Pinot Noir (85%) and other approved varieties (max. 15%) blended. The approved white or red non-aromatic varieties may be used in any mixture for the Bianco and Rosso wine types. The varietal wines Casalese-Cortese ( Cortese ), Dolcetto, Freisa and from 2020 Nebbiolo (the latter also as Superiore ) must contain at least 85% of the respective variety, the remaining 15% can be approved varieties. All red wines are also available as Novello, a Vivace (sparkling wine) is available from Rosso, Bianco and Freisa.