The red grape variety comes from Sardinia - Italy, Synonyms are Manzesu, Monaca, Monica di Sardegna, Monica di Spagna, Monika Nera, Niedda de Ispagna, Niedda Mora, Nieddera Manna, Österreichs Habamonthe, Pansale Nero, Pansale Nieddu, Pansaleddu, Pascale Sardu, Pascal Noir, Plant Pascal and Uva Monaca. Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Nieddera or Pascale be confused. About a possible relationship with the white variety Pascal Blanc nothing is known. As with many other Sardinian varieties, it is believed that it was introduced during the Spanish occupation (1323-1720) and spread by monks (Monaci). The Spanish origin is made through a 2013 DNA analysis supported. Because Monica Nera comes from a probably natural cross of the Spanish variety To lift with an unknown partner. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ).
The medium-ripening, productive vine is resistant to frosts in spring and real mildew but less resistant to downy mildew. It produces dark-colored, simple red wines. The vine is also called table grape used. It is spread all over the island and in the DOC wines Cagliari. Campidano di Terralba. Mandrolisai and Monica di Sardegna authorized. The variety occupied 1,404 hectares of vines in Italy in 2010, with a downward trend (ten years earlier it was 2,835 hectares). There are also small areas in France and Tunisia; but no stocks were shown here (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service