The red grape variety comes from Sardinia - Italy, Synonyms are Manzesu, Monaca, Monica di Sardegna, Monica di Spagna, Monika Nera, Niedda de Ispagna, Niedda Mora, Nieddera Manna, Austria's Habamonthe, Pascale Sardu, Pascal Noir, Plant Pascal and Uva Monaca. It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Nieddera or Pascale be confused. About a possible relationship with white species Pascal Blanc nothing is known. As with many other Sardinian varieties, it is believed that it was introduced during the Spanish occupation (1323-1720) and disseminated by monks (Monaci). The Spanish origin is made by a in 2013 DNA analysis supported. Because Monica Nera comes from a presumably natural crossing of the Spanish variety To lift with an unknown partner. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ).
The medium maturing, high yielding vine is resistant to frosts in spring and real mildew but less resistant to downy mildew. She produces dark, simple red wines. The vine is also called table grape used. It is spread all over the island and in the DOC wines Cagliari. Campidano di Terralba. Mandrolisai and Monica di Sardegna authorized. The variety was in Italy in 2010 1,440 hectares of vineyards with a strong downward trend (ten years earlier, there were still 2,835 hectares). There are also small areas in France and Tunisia; but no stocks were reported here (Kym Anderson ).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures : MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service