To plan certain agricultural activities, such as sowing and harvesting according to the lunar calendar, or to carry them out for very specific moon phases and planetary constellations, has already been described by various authors in the antiquity recommended. Increasing moon was linked to growth, waning moon with pruning and harvest. The wine read when the moon was rising was considered less durable than the one harvested with the waning moon. Even the clergyman Johann quickly (1540-1612) from Austria goes into this subject in detail in his famous standard work "Wine Book: From Baw, Care and Customs of Wine".
The Palatinate winery owner and wine historian Armand Emil Friedrich von Bassermann-Jordan (1872-1959) in his standard work "Die Geschichte des Weinbau", published in 1909, refers in this connection to the Württemberg vineyard order of 1614. There, the observance of the moon phases based on ancient models is expressly recommended. Among other things, "(new vines) should be placed on three shoes high and far at right depth when the moon is waning" . In to bathe was allowed to use the "Autumn and Vine Regulations 1764" pruning can only be done when the moon is waning.
The observance of the "correct" phases of the moon or positions is used today by winegrowers who are committed to this (not uncontroversial) theory as an important criteria for Biodynamic viticulture considered. The anthroposophical foundations for this come from Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925). According to the supporters, the plants react differently to substances during the individual phases of the moon. Not only the moon phases (new moon to full moon), but also the position (near and far from the moon, as well as the background of the stars) and other planet positions play a role. Starting from a lunar calendar, there are suitable times or very specific days for the various activities during the winemaking are optimal and have a positive impact on the result. This goes from setting the vines to bottling and includes vineyard management like pruning Floor care fertilization. pest control and vintage, as well as the basement measures. However, there are no generally applicable recipes for this, but the right measures at the right time must be tried out individually. However, since there is no scientifically substantiated evidence, the method of Esoteric be attributed.