To plan certain agricultural activities, such as sowing and harvesting according to the lunar calendar, or to carry out certain moon phases and planet constellations, has already been described by various authors antiquity recommended. Increasing moon was associated with growth, waning moon with pruning and harvest. The wine read with increasing moon was considered less durable as the harvested at waning moon. Also the clergyman Johann quickly (1540-1612) from Austria deals extensively with this topic in his famous standard work "Weinbuch: Von Baw, Pfleg und Brauch des Weins".
The Palatine winery owner and wine-growing historian Armand Emil Friedrich von Bassermann-Jordan (1872-1959) points out in his context in 1909 published standard work "The History of Viticulture" in this context, the Württemberg vineyard order of 1614. There, the observance of the phases of the moon according to ancient models is strongly recommended. Among other things, "(new vines) are to be set as long as three shoes high and far to the right as the moon wanes" . In to bathe was allowed according to the "Autumn and Rebbau Order 1764" of pruning only be done when the moon is waning.
The observance of the "correct" moon phases or positions is today by winemakers, who have committed themselves to this (not undisputed) theory, as an important criterion for Biodynamic viticulture considered. The anthroposophical foundations for this are from Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925). According to the devotees, the plants react differently to substances during the different phases of the moon. Not only the moon phases (new moon to full moon), but also the position (near the moon and the moon, as well as star background) and also other planetary positions play a role. Starting from a lunar calendar, there are appropriate times or specific days for the various activities during the winemaking each are optimal and have a positive effect on the result. This goes from setting the vines to bottling and includes the vineyard management as pruning, Floor care, fertilization. pest control and vintage, as well as the cellar technical measures. But there are no universally valid recipes, but the right measures at the right time must be tested individually. But since there is no scientific evidence, the method of Esoteric be attributed.