The white grape variety comes from France, It points towards that Chardonnay minor morphological differences in Scroll and exaggerated but has an identical one DNA profile, You can call Morillon as sport respectively. clone or Chardonnay clone mutant. In the Austrian Styria Chardonnay is traditionally referred to as Morillon and is still regarded as independent in some cases. However, some producers also use both names to document a difference to a qualitatively “better” wine, then called Chardonnay. The name Morillon does not play a role in the other Austrian provinces.
Styrian winemakers often travel to France on the occasion of the Phylloxera disaster told at the end of the 19th century, who were looking for phylloxera-resistant grape varieties and came back with the Morillon. Apart from the fact that Morillon is not resistant to phylloxera, such a trip is not confirmed. In addition, according to Hermann Goethe (1837-1911) the name Morillon Blanc was used for the Chardonnay long before the phylloxera attack in Styria. In the 19th century, Morillon (like Pinot Blanc ) also called Weißer Klevner in Styria. And Pinot Blanc was previously mistaken for Chardonnay. This also contributed to the confusion and confusion - also that there are many varieties with the synonym Morillon:
There is a simple explanation for the frequent use of “Morillon” for grape varieties that are sometimes not related at all. The syllable "Mor" or "Maur" is derived from the dark-skinned Moors (Berber tribes) from North Africa, which operated in southern France and Iberia until the 12th century, and indicates dark grapes. The syllable "illon" stands for "trivialization" and refers to "small berries". The name Morillon means nothing other than "Little Black Man" or "Little Maure". But it is also used for white grape varieties.
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)