The white grape comes from France, Although she points to the Chardonnay minor morphological differences in Scroll and exaggerated but has an identical one DNA profile, You can Morillon as sport respectively. clone or Clonmutant of Chardonnay. In the Austrian Styria Chardonnay is traditionally referred to as Morillon and there still considered partly as independent. However, both names are also used by some producers to document, if necessary, a difference to a qualitatively "better", then referred to as Chardonnay wine. In the other Austrian states, the name Morillon does not matter.
Often, a trip from Styrian winemakers to France on the occasion of the Phylloxera disaster told at the end of the 19th century, the reblausresistente grape varieties searched and came back with the Morillon. Apart from the fact that Morillon is not resistant to reindeer, such a journey is not confirmed. In addition, after Hermann Goethe (1837-1911) used the name Morillon Blanc for the Chardonnay long before the phylloxera invasion in Styria. In the 19th century Morillon was (as Pinot Blanc ) in Styria also known as White Klevner. And Pinot Blanc was previously mistakenly equated with Chardonnay. This too contributed to the confusion and confusion - as well as that there are many varieties with the synonym Morillon:
For the frequent use of "Morillon" for partially unrelated grape varieties, there is a simple explanation. The syllable "Mor" or "Maur" is derived from the dark-skinned Moors (Berber tribes) from North Africa, who operated in southern France and Iberia until the 12th century, and points to dark grapes. The syllable "illon" stands for "diminution" and refers to "small berries". The name Morillon does not mean anything other than "Little Black (r)" or "Little Maure". It is also used in white grape varieties.
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)