Viticulture in this North African country goes down to the Phoenicians back. At the beginning of the 1st century, the Romans took over, named the new province of Mauritania (and the Berber population) and introduced varieties from the Mediterranean countries. It was conquered by the Arabs at the end of the 7th century. Through the early Islamization and the associated alcohol ban The viticulture came to a complete halt. In the period 1912-1956 Morocco was French protectorate. Before the First World War many French colonists came to the country and founded the viticulture. Amidst vast desert areas with hot and dry climate emerged cultivated vineyards. In 1956 Morocco became independent and there was an export ban of wines to France, which caused heavy losses.
An expropriation of the French winery owners took place in 1973, at this time but still produced three million hectoliters of wine. By the mid-1980s, most of the vineyards were taken over by the state and wine production was drastically reduced. In 2012, the vineyard covered 48,000 hectares, of which only 345,000 hectoliters of wine were produced (see also under Wine production volumes ). By far the largest part of the stock is used today for the production of table grapes, Of the Blend in 2010 (Statistics Kym Anderson ):
Synonyms or names in Morocco
|Doukkali||r||Bezzoul el Aouda, Bezzoul el Hamra||16557|
|Muscat d'Alexandrie||w||Muscat Romain||3669|
|mazuelo||r||Carignan, Carignan Noir||1692|
|Alicante Henri Bouschet||r||Alicante Bouschet||1098|
|Garnacha Tinta||r||Grenache Noir||802|
|Maticha||w||Bou Touggala, Bou Touquala Chetoui||?|
Following the French model, the appellation system AOG (Appellation d'Origine Garantie) was introduced in 1956. The most important and best growing area is the Fès-Meknès region in the northern foothills of the Atlas Mountains. Here are the appellations Sais, Beni Sadden, Beni M'Tir, Guerrouane and Zerkhoun, from which come red wines from the varieties Carignan, Cinsaut and Grenache Noir with the names Chantebled and Tarik. Another growing area is the coastal plain around the capital Rabat in the regions of Chellah, Gharb, Zaer and Zemmour. The Berkane-Oujda area is on the border with the east Algeria, South of the coast in the Casablanca region there are the zones Doukkala, Sahel and Zennata (with red wine Ourika).
The largest winery is built in 1993, the state-owned Domaine de Sahari at Meknès in northern Morocco. Here, the red wine cuvée "Rouge de Guerrouane" and red wines from the varieties Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot are produced. Other well-known producers are Celliers de Méknes, Chaudsoleil and Sicomar. A specialty as a refreshing drink is the sweet AOG dessert wine Vin gris from the location Boulaouane between Casablanca and Marrakech. This rosé is brightly vinified from the Cinsaut and Carignan Noir (Mazuelo) varieties and accounts for around 10% of the wine production. Morocco is also important supplier for cork,