Term (grch. Morphé = shape, shape) for the teaching of shapes. It forms a sub-area in many branches of science. In biology, morphology is the study of the shape and structure of organisms (humans, animals, plants). It includes the classification of organisms based on their shape and the phenological Change in the course of growth cycle, On the other hand, it is physiology (grch. phýsis = nature) the teaching of life processes with the central process of plants photosynthesis, The morphology is the basis for that taxonomy and the theory of evolution. The term was first used in 1796 by Johann W. von Goethe (1749-1832) and independently in 1800 by the physiologist Karl Friedrich Burdach (1776-1847). Comparative morphology tries to identify certain features of an organism in the variety of forms of individuals and to derive a classification based on characteristic features of the basic organs. The three basic organs in plants are sheet, Shoot axis (connects the other two parts) and root.
In addition to the descriptive and comparative morphology, the functional morphology is important because it shows interactions between structure and function as an inseparable unit. A structure is understood as a specialization for a certain function, which means the adaptability of an organism to its way of life. Among other things, that counts resistance certain vine species against the phylloxera or mushrooms, as well as the resilience of certain varieties against drought and drought to. Geomorphology is the teaching or science of the various surface shapes of the earth as a sub-area of physical geography and dynamic geology, This examines not only the relief of the natural and cultural landscape, but also the forces and legal processes by which the various forms are shaped. Among other things, these are the strong influences of climate, See also keywords relevant to grape varieties under grapevine,
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)