Designation (Greek morphé = shape, form) for the teaching of the forms. It forms a sub-area in many branches of science. In biology, morphology is the study of the shape and structure of organisms (humans, animals, plants). It includes the classification of organisms based on their shape and the phenological Change in the course of growth cycle, Thus, she is the basis for the taxonomy and for evolution. The term morphology was first used in 1796 by Johann W. von Goethe (1749-1832) and, independently of this, coined in 1800 by the physiologist Karl Friedrich Burdach (1776-1847). In comparative morphology, an attempt is made to recognize in the variety of forms of individuals certain characteristics of an organism and to derive a classification on the basis of characteristic features of the basic organs. The three basic organs of plants are sheet, Shoot axis (connects the other two parts) and root.
In addition to descriptive and comparative morphology, functional morphology is important because it reveals interactions between structure and function as an inseparable unit. A structure is understood as a specialization in a particular function, that means the adaptation of an organism to its way of life. Among other things, the counts resistance certain vine species against the phylloxera or mushrooms, as well as the resilience of certain varieties against drought and drought to. Geomorphology is the science of the different surface forms of the earth as part of the physical geography and the dynamic geology, This examines not only the relief of the natural and cultural landscape, but also the forces and legal processes that shape the various forms. Among other things, these are the strong influences of climate, See also grapevine relevant keywords below grapevine,
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)