The cultivation area lies in Rheinland-Pfalz as well as to a small extent also in the Saarland in Germany, The river Moselle meanders on its way from Trier to Koblenz over 237 km, but the airline is only 96 km. The vineyards cover 8,798 hectares, extending along the Moselle from the headwaters in the Vosges Mountains on the border Luxembourg until its confluence with the Rhine at Koblenz and at the two tributaries Saar and Ruwer. These three rivers gave the cultivation area the old name valid until 2007 Mosel-Saar-Ruwer. On the upper Moselle are the oldest vineyards Germany, here the Romans operated already in 1. Century v. Chr. Viticulture and founded 15 v. Chr. The city of Augusta Treverorum, today's Trier. In Piesport and Erden are still remnants of ancient Roman Press to visit. Likewise, that shows Neumagen wine ship on the Roman wine culture. The two Roman poets Ausonius (310-395) and Venantius Fortunatus (530-610) described the beauty of the landscape during boat trips on the Moselle. In the Middle Ages, the Order of the Benedictine many vineyards along the banks of the three rivers, many of which bear witness to single-cell names.
Emperor Napoleon (1769-1821) issued after the occupation of this area in 1807 a law whose negative aftermath can be felt to this day. In order to prevent large landed property, he ordered the "real division", by an inheritance, the land ownership among all descendants was divided evenly. The result was a fragmentation into countless often extremely small area units. At the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the formerly Kurtrier territory was added to the Prussian state. As a result, there were various measures taken by the royal government to improve the economic situation of the Mosel winegrowers. These include the Prussian layer classification, the foundation of the winegrowing association and the establishment of three winegrowing domains on Mosel and Saar, whereby a heyday of Mosel wine was initiated. Thus the tradition of the great wine lover became king Frederick the Great (1712-1786) continued, who already in 1769 on the southern slope of the Klausberg in the park Sanssouci in Potsdam create a vineyard.
The growing area is one of the warmer climates in Germany. The Moselle practices like everyone else waters a positive effect or creates for it the condition by the formation of valley slopes. The winemaking benefits from the ideal combination of steep, sun-drenched slopes, the sun-reflecting slate floors and optimal precipitation ratio. In some steep slopes is the processing only by means of special devices and Monorackbahnen possible. To the steepest vineyards the world counts Calmont with up to 68 ° Tilt, By the heat storage are frosts largely prevented. There are only slight temperature fluctuations. As a rule, there are pleasantly warm summers and only moderately cold winters. The soils consist of Muschelkalk and Keuper on the upper reaches of the Moselle, as well as on the middle and lower reaches of the Moselle and in the valleys of Saar and Ruwer from Devonian and Tonschiefer. The dark slate occurs in about half of the vineyards.
The shale stores the sun's heat during the day and releases it at night, which ensures a mild climate. The vines are usually rooted meters deep in the ground or rock. Many small winegrowers work the often terraced steep slopes in laborious handwork and deliver their grapes to large wineries. Moselle is divided into six areas with 19 major locations and 524 individual locations. The 242-kilometer-long Moselweinstraße starts right behind the German-French border in Perl, runs along the river and crosses it several times. In the course it touches many famous wine-growing communities and finally ends in Koblenz.
The German wine law allows the area name without the addition "area" on the label if there are no place names or single-layer names that can be confused with each other. The winemakers of the "Saar" had practiced this already from the name change, for those at the "Ruwer" this was not possible. In 2019, no longer managed locations with the name part "Ruwer" in the district of Trier-Ruwer were deleted from the list of locations and thus made it possible to lead the label.
The area Bernkastel or Mittelmosel (formerly Untermosel) forms the centerpiece of most vineyards. It extends from Briedel in the north upriver to the Moselle metropolis Trier in the south in a length of about 50 kilometers. The Moselle flows through the area in ten relatively narrow loops. The large area comprises nearly 6,000 hectares of vineyards and is divided into the ten major locations Badstube, Kurfürstlay, Michelsberg, Münzlay, Nacktarsch, Schwarzlay, St. Michael, Probstberg, Römerlay and vom Heiß Stein. Here are the most famous Moselle communities and vineyards. Bernkasteler is one of the most famous individual locations in the area and also in Germany Doctor, It belongs to the prestigious Großlage Badstube with (uncommonly) exclusively prime locations. For the most part, the deep soils of dark blue weathered Devonian slate with often high stone content, in the community Ürzig there are also Rotliegendes (red sandstone). The most famous wine-growing communities with their individual layers:
The area Burg Cochem (formerly Zell) is called Terrassenmosel after the many terraced slopes. It extends on the lower Moselle from Koblenz to Zell and is divided into the five large layers gold tree, county, rose slope, black cat and Weinhex. The landscape is characterized by many medieval castles. The vineyards cover about 1,500 hectares of vineyards. The slopes are sometimes extremely steep, so that the vines find space only on narrow terraces secured by walls. Among the most famous is the already mentioned one Calmont, which also distinguishes a special microclimate. The soils consist of clay and slate, which are often interspersed with lime, quartzite or sandstone. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers:
The Moselle loop with view from the single location or the mountain Calmont. Right at the foot of the mountain is the community Bremm, left behind the community Eller and in the middle the community Neef
The area Obermosel is sometimes referred to as Southern Wine Mosel . He covers about 670 hectares of vineyards south of Trier on the border with Luxembourg and is divided into the two major locations summit and Königsberg. The rarely steep vineyards in wide valleys stretch from Perl to Wasserliesch. It is not slate, but shell limestone, Keuper and marl soils prevail. Therefore, the area is also often with the Champagne compared. A special feature is the age-old grape variety Elbling, are made from the sparkling sect. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers are:
The small area Moseltor on the upper Moselle was defined as a separate area because it is located in the state of Saarland. He covers about 110 hectares of vineyards in the municipality Perl with the individual layers Hasenberg and St. Quiriniusberg (large location Schloss Bübinger).
The large-area Ruwertal area was separated from the Saar area in 1998. The steep vineyards with only 200 hectares extend mostly on both sides of the Moselle tributary between Riveris and Trier-Ruwer. The preferred locations are in side valleys of the Ruwer. Viticulture was already practiced here in pre-Roman times, which is why the area is the oldest German wine-growing area reclaimed here. The shallow to medium soils are characterized by weathered, mostly blue or gray Devonian slate and have a high proportion of fine soil. At around 90%, Riesling is the highest in the region. The average temperatures are slightly lower than on the Mosel, the wines are therefore more acidic as on the Saar. The wine-growing communities with their individual layers are:
The designated after the river area Saar is divided into the large Scharzberg with 22 individual layers. The name of the location refers to the most famous single location here Scharzhofberg, The area covers about 730 hectares of vineyards, about once again as much is currently not managed. It stretches from Filzen at the Mosel mouth of the Saar upriver to Serrig, as well as in the Konzer Tälchen branching off from Konz, a tributary of the Saar. The soils are largely dominated by gray-blue Hunsrück schist different degrees of weathering and are interspersed with clay-containing brown soil. The vineyards are around 50 to 100 meters higher and the average temperatures are slightly lower than on the Mosel. The thereby delayed maturing process of the grapes is one of the reasons why the Riesling wines are a bit more acidic. The wine-growing communities with their individual layers are:
Compared to the year 2009, there were no serious changes. The proportion of white wine grapes is highest with more than 90% among all 13 growing areas (it follows the Rheingau with 85%). It dominates with nearly two-thirds of the total clearly the Riesling. The newcomers were Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc. Status 2018 (0 = less than 0.5 hectares):
German main name
| In Germany
| % -
|White Elbling||Elbling, Kleinberger||White||476||5.4||556|
| Pinot Noir
|Pinot Noir, Blue S., Pinot Noir
Blue Pinot Noir clone velvet red
|White Burgundy||Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc||White||347||4.0||256|
|Ruländer||Pinot gris, Pinot Gris||White||189||2.2||85|
|Red Traminer||Traminer / Gewurztraminer||White||19||0.2||7|
|Müllerrebe||Meunier, Pinot Meunier||red||11||0.1||10|
|Frühburgunder||Blue Frühburgunder, Clevner||red||7||0.1||8th|
|Yellow Muscat||muscatel / Muscat Blanc||White||4||0.1||1|
|Limberger / Lemberger||Blaufränkisch, Blue Limberger||red||1||-||0|
|Blue Trollinger||Schiava Grossa||red||0||-||-|
|Goldriesling (1)||Gelbriesling, Goldmuskat||White||0||-||0|
|Red Muscat||muscatel. Muscat Blanc||White||0||-||-|
|otherwise. white varieties||-||White||18||0.2||5|
|otherwise red varieties||-||White||2||-||1|
Well-known producers are Agritiushof. AJ Adam. Amlinger & son. Bastgen. Farmer Joerg. Becker-Steinhauer. Bernkasteler Ring. Berres. Berweiler-Merges. Episcopal wineries Trier. Blees-Ferber. Boendgen. Brohl Frank. Böcking Richard. Busch Clemens. Carl Loewen. Caspari Kappel. Clüsserath Ansgar. Clüsserath-Eifel. Clüsserath Ernst. Clüsserath-Hilt. Clüsserath-Weiler. Dax. German manor. Dienhart Timo. Dr. fisherman. Dr. F. Weins-Prum. Dr. Heinz Wagner. Dr. Hermann. Dr. Leimbrock - C. Schmidt. Dr. Loosen. Great ring VDP Moselle. Dr. Pauly-Bergweiler. Egon Müller-Scharzhof. Eifel Bernhard. Eifel Franz Josef. Heirs of Beulwitz. Heritage Karl. Fendt wine family. Fischer Stephan. Forstmeister Geltz-Zilliken. Franzen Michael. Franzen Reinhold. Baron von Heddesdorff. Freiherr von Schleinitz. Frieden-Berg. Friedrich-core. Friedrich-Wilhelm Gymnasium. Fries Reiner. Fox Reinhold. Gebr. Ludwig. Privy Councilor J. Wegeler Erben. Gietzen Albrecht. Gorges-Mueller. Grans-Fassian. Haag Fritz. Haag Willi. Hair Johann. Hair Reinhold. Hain Kurt. Heymann-Lowenstein. Hoevel. Hubertushof. Immich-Batterieberg. Jakoby-Mathy. Joh. Jos. Christoffel heirs. Jos. Christoffel jr.. Kallfelz. Kanzlerhof. Karlsmuhle. Karthäuserhof. Kees-Kieren. Kerpen. Killer Lothar. Kiebel Benedict. KJ Thul.
Little Louis. Gag Beate. Knodt-hawsers. King John. Wreath Junk. Kröber Rudiger. Lurking Peter. Laurentiushof. Lehnert-Veit. Loersch-Eifel. Lorenz Nicholas. Loose-Bockstanz. Lotz Klaus. Lubentiushof. Martin Conrad - Brauneberger Hof. Max Ferd. judge. Maximin Grünhaus - winery of the von Schubert family. Mertes Johann Peter. Spleen Josef. Molitor. Mönchhof Robert Eymael. Moselle 2000. Müllen Martin. Nik Weis - St. Urbans-Hof. Norwig. Othegraven. Paulinshof. Pauly Rudolf. Philipps-Eckstein. Prüm. Joh. Jos. Prüm. SA Prüm. Deer Winfried. Imperial Count von Kesselstatt. Reinert. Resch Hans. Reuscher-Haart. Judge Richard. Römerhof. Roth Andreas. Schaefer Willi. Castle Lieser. Castle Saarstein. Schmitges. Schmitt Heinz. Schneider's Moritz. Schömann Martin. Schumacher Joachim. Schunk Paul. Schwaab Albert. Selbach-Oster. Later-Veit. State Winegrowing Domain Trier. Seasoned yard. St. Anna. Steffens Ernst. Stonemason Günther. St. Nicholas court. Stoffel Alfons. Studert-Prüm. Thanisch Ludwig. Van Volxem. United Hospitals. Forward hedge Stefanie. Weinhof Herrenberg. Willems Willems. Wwe. H. Thanisch Erben Müller-Burggraef. Wwe. H. Thanisch Erben Thanisch and Zenzen Ewald,