The growing area is in Rheinland-Pfalz as well as a small part in Saarland in Germany, The river Moselle winds its way from Trier to Koblenz over 237 km, but the air line is only 96 km. The vineyards cover 8,798 hectares of vineyards that stretch along the Moselle from the source area in the Vosges on the border Luxembourg until its confluence with the Rhine near Koblenz and on the two tributaries Saar and Ruwer. These three rivers gave the cultivation area the old name Mosel-Saar-Ruwer, which was valid until 2007. The oldest vineyards are on the upper Moselle Germany, the Romans operated here as early as the 1st century BC. BC viticulture and founded 15 BC The city of Augusta Treverorum, today's Trier. In Piesport and Erden are still remains of ancient Roman Press to visit. Likewise, that points Neumagener Weinschiff towards Roman wine culture. The two Roman poets Ausonius (310-395) and Venantius Fortunatus (530-610) described the beauty of the landscape during boat trips on the Moselle. In the Middle Ages the order of Benedictine many vineyards along the banks of the three rivers, as evidenced by many individual vineyard names.
Emperor Napoleon (1769-1821) passed a law after the occupation of this area in 1807, the negative effects of which can still be felt today. In order to prevent large land holdings, he ordered the "real division", by means of which the land holdings were to be divided equally among all descendants in the event of inheritance. The result was a fragmentation into innumerable, often extremely small, surface units. At the Vienna Congress in 1815, the former Kurtrier area was added to the Prussian state. As a result, the royal government took various measures to improve the economic situation of the Moselle winegrowers. These include the Prussian location classification, the foundation of the winegrowing association and the establishment of three winegrowing domains on the Moselle and Saar, which initiated a heyday of Moselle winegrowing. The tradition of the great wine lover became king Frederick the Great (1712-1786), who had a vineyard planted in 1769 on the southern slope of the Klausberg in Sanssouci Park in Potsdam.
The growing area is one of the warmer climates in Germany. The Moselle practices like everyone else waters a positive effect or creates the conditions for this by forming valley slopes. Viticulture benefits from the ideal combination of steep, sun-drenched slopes, the sun-reflecting slate soils and optimal rainfall. In some steep slopes is the processing only by means of special devices and Monorackbahnen possible. To the steepest vineyards the world counts Calmont with up to 68 ° Tilt, By storing heat frosts largely prevented. There are only slight temperature fluctuations. There are usually pleasantly warm summers and only moderately cold winters. The soils on the upper Moselle run are made of shell limestone and Keuper, and on the middle and lower Moselle runs and in the valleys of Saar and Ruwer made of Devonian and clay slate. The dark slate occurs in around half of the vineyards.
The shale stores the sun's heat during the day and releases it again at night, which ensures a mild climate. The vines are usually rooted deep in the ground or rocks. Many small winemakers laboriously process the often terraced steep slopes and deliver their grapes to large wineries. Mosel is divided into six areas with 19 large layers and 524 individual layers. The 242-kilometer Moselle wine route begins directly behind the German-French border in Perl, runs along the river and crosses it several times. In the course it touches many famous winegrowing communities and finally ends in Koblenz.
The German wine law allows the area name to be entered without the "area" addition label as long as there are no place names or single-layer names with which there can be confusion. The winegrowers from the "Saar" had already practiced this after the name change, but for those on the "Ruwer" this was not possible. In 2019, locations with the name “Ruwer” in the Trier-Ruwer district that were no longer managed were deleted from the location directory, thus making it possible to include them on the label.
The area Bernkastel or also Middle Moselle (formerly Lower Moselle) forms the centerpiece with most of the vineyards. It extends from Briedel in the north upstream to the Moselle metropolis Trier in the south in a length of about 50 kilometers. The Moselle flows through the area in ten relatively narrow loops. The large area covers almost 6,000 hectares of vineyards and is divided into the ten major locations Badstube, Kurfürstlay, Michelsberg, Münzlay, Nacktarsch, Schwarzlay, St. Michael, Probstberg, Römerlay and Vom hot stone. The most famous Moselle communities and vineyards are located here. Bernkasteler is one of the most famous individual locations in the area and also in Germany Doctor, It belongs to the renowned large-scale Badstube with (unusually) exclusively first-class locations. For the most part, the deep soils consist of dark blue weathered Devonian slate with often high stone content, in the community of Ürzig there are also Rotliegendes (red sandstone). The most famous winegrowing communities with their individual layers:
The area of Burg Cochem (formerly Zell) is also called Terrassenmosel after the many terraced slopes. It stretches from Koblenz to Zell on the lower Moselle and is divided into the five major locations of Goldbäumchen, Grafschaft, Rosenhang, Schwarze Katz and Weinhex. The landscape is characterized by many medieval castles. The vineyards cover around 1,500 hectares of vineyards. The slopes are extremely steep, so that the vines can only be found on narrow walled terraces. One of the most famous is the one already mentioned Calmont, which also characterizes a special microclimate. The floors are made of clay and silt slate, which are often interspersed with lime, quartzite or sandstone. Well-known winegrowing communities with their individual layers:
The Moselle loop with a view of the individual location or the mountain Calmont. To the right at the foot of the mountain is the municipality of Bremm, to the left the municipality of Eller and in the middle the municipality of Neef
The Upper Moselle area is sometimes referred to as the Southern Wine Moselle . It covers around 670 hectares of vineyards south of Trier on the border with Luxembourg and is divided into the two major locations summit and Königsberg. The rarely steep vineyards in wide valleys stretch from Perl to Wasserliesch. It is not slate, but shell limestone, Keuper and marl soils. That is why the area is often linked to the Champagne compared. The ancient grape variety is a specialty Elbling, from which sparkling sparkling wines are made. Well-known winegrowing communities with their individual layers are:
The small area Moselle Gate on the upper Moselle was defined as a separate area because it is located in the state of Saarland. It encompasses around 110 hectares of vineyards in the municipality of Perl with the individual layers Hasenberg and St. Quiriniusberg (large location Schloss Bübinger).
The Ruwertal area, which is free of large areas, was separated from the Saar area in 1998. The steep vineyards with only 200 hectares extend largely on both sides of the Moselle tributary between Riveris and Trier-Ruwer. The preferred locations are in the side valleys of the Ruwer. Viticulture was already practiced here in pre-Roman times, which is why the area is claimed as the oldest German wine-growing region. The shallow to medium-deep soils are characterized by weathered, mostly blue or gray Devonian slate and have a high proportion of fine earth. At around 90%, the Riesling share is highest in the growing region. The average temperatures are slightly lower than on the Moselle, so the wines are more acidic than on the Saar. The winegrowing communities with their individual layers are:
The Saar region, named after the river, is divided into the large Scharzberg area with 22 individual layers. The name of the large location refers to the most famous single location here Scharzhofberg, The area encompasses around 730 hectares of vineyards, around that amount is currently not being cultivated. It stretches from Filzen on the Moselle estuary of the Saar upstream to Serrig, as well as in the “Konzert Tälchen”, a side valley of the Saar branching off from Konz. The soils are largely dominated by gray-blue Hunsrück slate of various degrees of weathering and are interspersed with clayey brown earth. The vineyards are around 50 to 100 meters higher and the average temperatures are slightly lower than on the Moselle. The delayed ripening process of the grapes is one of the reasons why Riesling wines are a bit more acidic here. The winegrowing communities with their individual layers are:
There were no major changes compared to 2009. The share of white wine grapes is highest at over 90% among all 13 growing areas (followed by the Rheingau with 85%). With almost two thirds of the total area, Riesling clearly dominates. The climbers were Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc. The status 2018 (0 = less than 0.5 hectares):
German main name
| In Germany
| % -
|White Elbling||Elbling, Kleinberger||White||476||5.4||556|
| Pinot Noir
|Pinot Noir, Blauer S., Pinot Noir
Blue Pinot Noir clone velvet red
|White Burgundy||Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc||White||347||4.0||256|
|Ruländer||Pinot gris, Pinot Gris||White||189||2.2||85|
|Red traminer||Traminer / Gewurztraminer||White||19||0.2||7|
|Müllerrebe||Meunier, Pinot Meunier||red||11||0.1||10|
|Frühburgunder||Blauer Frühburgunder, Clevner||red||7||0.1||8th|
|Yellow muscatel||muscatel / Muscat Blanc||White||4||0.1||1|
|Limberger / Lemberger||Blaufränkisch, Blue Limberger||red||1||-||0|
|Blue trollinger||Schiava Grossa||red||0||-||-|
|Goldriesling (1)||Gelbriesling, gold nutmeg||White||0||-||0|
|Red muscatel||muscatel. Muscat Blanc||White||0||-||-|
|otherwise. white varieties||-||White||18||0.2||5|
|otherwise. red varieties||-||White||2||-||1|
Well-known producers are Agritiushof. AJ Adam. Amlinger & son. Bastgen. Farmer Jörg. Becker-Steinhauer. Bernkasteler Ring. Berres. Berweiler-Merges. Episcopal wineries Trier. Blees-Ferber. Boendgen. Brohl Frank. Böcking Richard. Bush Clemens. Carl Loewen. Caspari Kappel. Clüsserath Ansgar. Clüsserath-Eifel. Clüsserath Ernst. Clüsserath-Hilt. Clüsserath-Weiler. Dax. German manor. Dienhart Timo. Dr. fisherman. Dr. F. Weins-Prüm. Dr. Heinz Wagner. Dr. Hermann. Dr. Leimbrock - C. Schmidt. Dr. Loosen. Large ring VDP Moselle. Dr. Pauly-Bergweiler. Egon Müller-Scharzhof. Eifel Bernhard. Eifel Franz-Josef. Heirs to Beulwitz. Heir Karl. Fendt wine family. Fischer Stephan. Forstmeister Geltz-Zilliken. Franzen Michael. Franzen Reinhold. Baron von Heddesdorff. Baron von Schleinitz. Frieden-Berg. Friedrich-core. Friedrich-Wilhelm Gymnasium. Frieze Reiner. Reinhold Fox. Gebr. Ludwig. Privy Councilor J. Wegeler Heirs. Gietzen Albrecht. Gorges-Mueller. Grans-Fassian. Hague Fritz. Hague Willi. Johann's hair. Reinhold's hair. Grove Kurt. Heymann-Lowenstein. Hoevel. Hubertushof. Immich-Batterieberg. Jakoby-Mathy. Joh. Jos. Christoffel heirs. Jos. Christoffel jr.. Kallfelz. Kanzlerhof. Karlsmuhle. Karthäuserhof. Kees-Kieren. Kerpen. Climbing Lothar. Gables Benedict. KJ Thul.
Little Louis. Gag Beate. Knodt-hawsers. King John. Wreath Junk. Kröber Rüdiger. Lurk Peter. Laurentiushof. Lehnert-Veit. Loersch-Eifel. Lorenz Nikolaus. Loose-Bockstanz. Lotz Klaus. Lubentiushof. Martin Conrad - Brauneberger Hof. Max Ferd. judge. Maximin Grünhaus - Winery of the von Schubert family. Mertes Johann Peter. Spleen Josef. Molitor. Mönchhof Robert Eymael. Moselle 2000. Garbage Martin. Nik Weis - St. Urbans-Hof. Norwig. Othegraven. Paulinshof. Pauly Rudolf. Philipps-Eckstein. Prüm. Joh. Jos. Prüm. SA Prüm. Roe deer Winfried. Imperial Count von Kesselstatt. Reinert. Resch Hans. Reuscher-Haart. Judge Richard. Römerhof. Roth Andreas. Schaefer Willi. Lieser Castle. Saarstein Castle. Schmitges. Schmitt Heinz. Schneider's Moritz. Schömann Martin. Schumacher Joachim. Schunk Paul. Schwaab Albert. Selbach-Oster. Later-Veit. State winegrowing domain Trier. Staggered yard. St. Anna. Steffens Ernst. Steinmetz Günther. St. Nikolaus-Hof. Stoffel Alfons. Studert-Prüm. Thanisch Ludwig. Van Volxem. United hospitals. Front hedge Stefanie. Weinhof Herrenberg. Willems Willems. Wwe.Dr. H. Thanisch heirs Müller-Burggraef. Wwe.Dr. H. Than Heirs Than and Borders Ewald,