The vineyards of the German growing area lie in the state Rheinland-Pfalz as well as to a small extent also in the state Saarland. The 8,976-hectare vineyards are along the Moselle from the headwaters in the Vosges Mountains on the border Luxembourg until its confluence with the Rhine at Koblenz and at the two tributaries Saar and Ruwer. These three rivers gave the cultivation area the old name Mosel-Saar-Ruwer, which was valid until autumn 2007. The river Moselle winds its way from Trier to Koblenz over 237 km, but the airline is only 96 km. On the upper Mosel are the oldest vineyards Germany, here already the Romans operated in the 1st century BC. Viticulture and founded 15 v. Chr. The city of Augusta Treverorum, today's Trier. In the communities Piesport and earth are still remnants of old Roman Press to visit. Likewise, that shows Neumagen wine ship to the early Roman wine culture on the Mosel.
The two Roman poets Ausonius (310-395) and Venantius Fortunatus (530-610) described the beauty of the landscape during boat trips on the Moselle. In the Middle Ages had the Benedictine Order many vineyards along the banks of the three rivers, which also testify to many single-layer names. The French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) issued after the occupation of this area in 1807 a law whose negative aftermath can be felt to this day. In order to prevent large landed property, he ordered the so-called "real division", by which the inheritance was to distribute the landed property among all descendants evenly. The result was a fragmentation into countless often extremely small area units.
At the Vienna Congress in 1815, the formerly Kurtrier territory was added to the Prussian state. As a result, there were various measures by the royal, Prussian government to improve the economic situation of the Moselle winemakers. These include the classification of vineyard locations with the famous Prussian layer classification, the founding of the winegrowing association and the construction of three winegrowing domains on Mosel and Saar, whereby a heyday of Mosel wine was initiated. Thus the tradition of the great wine lover became king Frederick the Great (1712-1786) continued, who already in 1769 on the southern slope of the Klausberg in the park Sanssouci in Potsdam create a vineyard.
The growing area is one of the warmer climates in Germany. The Moselle practices like everyone else waters a positive effect or creates for it the condition by the formation of valley slopes. The winemaking benefits from the ideal combination of steep, sun-drenched slopes, the sun-reflecting slate floors and optimal precipitation ratio. In some steep slopes is the processing only by means of special devices and Monorackbahnen possible. To the steepest vineyards the world counts Calmont with up to 68 ° Tilt, By the heat storage will be frosts largely prevented. There are only slight temperature fluctuations. As a rule, there are pleasantly warm summers and only moderately cold winters. The soils consist of Muschelkalk and Keuper on the upper reaches of the Moselle, as well as of the middle and lower reaches of the Moselle and in the valleys of the Saar and Ruwer of Devonian and slate. The dark clay shale occurs in about half of the vineyards.
The shale saves the sun's heat during the day and releases it at night, which ensures a mild climate. The vines are usually rooted meters deep in the ground or rock. Many small winegrowers work the often terraced steep slopes in laborious handwork and deliver their grapes to large wineries. Moselle is divided into six areas with 19 major locations and 524 individual locations. The 242-kilometer-long Moselweinstraße starts right behind the German-French border in Perl, runs along the river and crosses it several times. In the course it touches many famous wine-growing communities and finally ends in Koblenz.
The area Bernkastel or Mittelmosel (formerly Untermosel) forms the centerpiece of most vineyards. It extends from Briedel in the north upriver to the Moselle metropolis Trier in the south in a length of about 50 kilometers. The Moselle flows through the area in ten relatively narrow loops. The large area covers almost 6,000 hectares of vines and is divided into the ten major locations Badstube, Kurfürstlay, Michelsberg, Münzlay, Nacktarsch, Schwarzlay, St. Michael, Probstberg, Römerlay and vom Heiß Stein. Here are the most famous Moselle communities and vineyards. Bernkasteler is one of the most famous individual sites in the area and also in Germany Doctor, It belongs to the prestigious Großlage Badstube with (uncommonly) exclusively prime locations. For the most part, the deep soils of dark blue weathered Devonian slate with often high stone content, in the community Ürzig there are also Rotliegendes (red sandstone). The most famous wine-growing communities with their individual layers:
The area Burg Cochem (formerly Zell) is called Terrassenmosel after the many terraced slopes. It extends on the lower Moselle from Koblenz to Zell and is divided into the five large layers gold tree, county, rose slope, black cat and Weinhex. The landscape is characterized by many medieval castles. The vineyards cover about 1,500 hectares of vineyards. The slopes are sometimes extremely steep, so that the vines find space only on narrow terraces secured by walls. Among the most famous is the already mentioned one Calmont, which also distinguishes a special microclimate. The soils consist of clay and slate, which are often interspersed with lime, quartzite or sandstone. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers:
The Mosel loop with view from the single location or the mountain Calmont. Right at the foot of the mountain is the community Bremm, left behind the community Eller and in the middle of the community Neef
The area Upper Mosel is occasionally referred to as Southern Wine Mosel . It covers about 670 hectares of vineyards south of Trier on the border with Luxembourg and is divided into the two major locations summit and Königsberg. The rarely steep vineyards in wide valleys stretch from Perl to Wasserliesch. It does not dominate slate but limestone, Keuper and marl soils. Therefore, the area is also often with the Champagne compared. A special feature is the age-old grape variety Elbling, are made from the sparkling sect. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers are:
The small area Moseltor on the upper Moselle was defined as a separate area because it is located in the state of Saarland. He covers about 110 hectares of vineyards in the municipality Perl with the individual layers Hasenberg and St. Quiriniusberg (large location Schloss Bübinger).
The large-area Ruwertal area was separated from the Saar area in 1998. The steep vineyards with only 200 hectares extend mostly on both sides of the Moselle tributary between Riveris and Trier-Ruwer. The preferred locations are in side valleys of the Ruwer. Viticulture was already practiced here in pre-Roman times, which is why the area is claimed as the oldest German wine-growing region. The shallow to medium soils are characterized by weathered, mostly blue or gray Devonian slate and have a high proportion of fine soil. At around 90%, Riesling is the highest in the region. The average temperatures are slightly lower than on the Mosel, the wines are therefore more acidic as on the Saar. The wine-growing communities with their individual layers are:
The named after the river area Saar is divided into the large Scharzberg with 22 individual layers. The name of the location refers to the most famous single location here Scharzhofberg, The area covers about 730 hectares of vineyards, about once again as much are not currently managed. It stretches from Filzen at the Mosel mouth of the Saar upriver to Serrig, as well as in the Konzer Tälchen branching off from Konz, a side valley of the Saar. The soils are largely dominated by gray-blue Hunsrück schist different degrees of weathering and are interspersed with clay-containing brown soil. The vineyards are about 50 to 100 meters higher and the average temperatures are slightly lower than on the Mosel. The thereby delayed maturing process of the grapes is one of the reasons why the Riesling wines are a bit more acidic. The wine-growing communities with their individual layers are:
Well-known producers are Agritiushof. AJ Adam. Amlinger & son. Bastgen. Farmer Joerg. Becker-Steinhauer. Bernkasteler Ring. Berres. Berweiler-Merges. Episcopal wineries Trier. Blees-Ferber. Boendgen. Brohl Frank. Böcking Richard. Busch Clemens. Carl Loewen. Caspari Kappel. Clüsserath Ansgar. Clüsserath-Eifel. Clüsserath Ernst. Clüsserath-Hilt. Clüsserath-Weiler. Dax. German manor. Dienhart Timo. Dr. fisherman. Dr. F. Wine Prüm. Dr. Heinz Wagner. Dr. Hermann. Dr. Leimbrock - C. Schmidt. Dr. Loosen. Great ring VDP Moselle. Dr. Pauly-Bergweiler. Egon Müller-Scharzhof. Eifel Bernhard. Eifel Franz Josef. Heirs of Beulwitz. Heritage Karl. Fendt wine family. Fischer Stephan. Forstmeister Geltz-Zilliken. Franzen Michael. Franzen Reinhold. Baron von Heddesdorff. Baron von Schleinitz. Frieden-Berg. Friedrich-core. Friedrich-Wilhelm Gymnasium. Fries Reiner. Fox Reinhold. Gebr. Ludwig. Privy Councilor J. Wegeler Erben. Gietzen Albrecht. Gorges-Mueller. Grans-Fassian. Haag Fritz. Hague Willi. Hair Johann. Hair Reinhold. Hain Kurt. Heymann-Lowenstein. Hoevel. Hubertushof. Immich-Batterieberg. Jakoby-Mathy. Joh. Jos. Christoffel heirs. Jos. Christoffel jr.. Kallfelz. Kanzlerhof. Karlsmuhle. Karthäuserhof. Kees-Kieren. Kerpen. Kettles Lothar. Kiebel Benedict. KJ Thul. Little Louis. Gag Beate. Knodt-hawsers. King John. Wreath Junk. Kröber Rudiger. Lurking Peter. Laurentiushof. Lehnert-Veit. Loersch-Eifel. Lorenz Nicholas. Loose-Bockstanz. Lotz Klaus. Lubentiushof. Martin Conrad - Brauneberger Hof. Max Ferd. judge. Maximin Grünhaus - winery of the von Schubert family. Mertes Johann Peter. Spleen Josef. Molitor. Mönchhof Robert Eymael. Moselle 2000. Müllen Martin. Norwig. Othegraven. Paulinshof. Pauly Rudolf. Philipps-Eckstein. Prüm. Joh. Jos. Prüm. SA Prüm. Deer Winfried. Imperial Count von Kesselstatt. Reinert. Resch Hans. Reuscher-Haart. Judge Richard. Römerhof. Roth Andreas. Schaefer Willi. Castle Lieser. Castle Saarstein. Schmitges. Schmitt Heinz. Schneider's Moritz. Schömann Martin. Schumacher Joachim. Schunk Paul. Schwaab Albert. Selbach-Oster. Later-Veit. State Winegrowing Domain Trier. Seasoned yard. St. Anna. Steffens Ernst. Stonemason Günther. St. Nicholas court. Stoffel Alfons. Studert-Prüm. St. Urbans farm. Thanisch Ludwig. Van Volxem. United Hospitals. Forward hedge Stefanie. Weinhof Herrenberg. Willems Willems. Wwe. H. Thanisch Erben Müller-Burggraef. Wwe. H. Thanisch Erben Thanisch and Zenzen Ewald,
Total vineyard area has decreased by around 1,400 hectares in the last ten years, or around 13%. Although the proportion of white wine grapes has fallen from just under 95 to just under 91%, it is still the highest among all 13 regions (followed by the Rheingau with just under 85%). At the top are in the same order the same eight grape varieties. It dominates with 60% clearly the Riesling. A special feature is the very old variety white / red Elbling, which is grown almost 100% only on the Mosel. However, the stock has been reduced by almost half. As in the other growing areas also have many other German new varieties lost a lot of ground. The grape variety status 2009 (0 = less than 0.5 hectares):
German main name
| In Germany
| % -
| White Elbling
|Elbling, Kleinberger||White|| 556
| Pinot Noir
|Pinot Noir, Blue S., Pinot Noir
Blue Pinot Noir clone velvet red
|White Burgundy||Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc||White||256||2.9|
|Ruländer||Pinot Gris, Pinot Gris||White||85||0.9|
|Müllerrebe||Meunier, Pinot Meunier||red||10||0.1|
|Frühburgunder||Blue Frühburgunder, Clevner||red||8th||0.1|
|Red traminer||Traminer / Gewurztraminer||White||7||0.1|
| Yellow Muscat
|muscatel / Muscat Blanc||White|| 1
|Goldriesling (1)||Gelbriesling, Goldmuskat||White||0||-|
|Limberger / Lemberger||Blaufränkisch, Blue Limberger||red||0||-|
|otherwise. white varieties||-||White||5||0.1|
|otherwise red varieties||-||White||1||-|