Popular single vineyard designation (also in the spelling Oelberg) in Germany. The name mostly has a reference to the Olive Mountain in the Bible, which got its name from the olive trees growing there. Jesus stayed on this mountain in the east of Jerusalem several times (Lk 21/37, Lk 22/39, Joh 8/1, Mk 13/3).
The vineyards, facing west to south at an altitude of 220 to 260 metres above sea level with a slope of 40 to 80%, comprise almost 14 hectares of vineyards on granite weathered soil. Here, mainly Gewürztraminer is cultivated. Members of the Durbacher WG as well as the Männle Heinrich Winery have shares in the site.
The vineyards, which are oriented to the south-southeast and in a depression to the east-southeast to southwest, at an altitude of 250 to 320 meters above sea level with a slope gradient of 0 to 50%, comprise 35 hectares of vineyards. The shallow soils are made of lime-weathered loam (Rendzina) with Jurassic limestone and have a good water balance. The main varieties cultivated here are Gutedel(Chasselas) andPinot Noir. The vineyard Ziereisen Hanspeter, for example, has a share in the location.
The vineyards, which are oriented from west to east and have a gradient of 10 to 50%, comprise 73 hectares of vineyards on calcareous, stony loam soils. The Ölberg is home to a variety of biotope types, some of which are rare. These are small parceled out vineyards with dry stone walls, stone stairs, old and deadwood-rich forests, limestone cliffs with caves as well as bushes and fallow land. In the 1990s, large parts were designated as nature reserves. Here, mainly chasselas and Burgundy varieties are cultivated. The Wassmer Martin winery and members of the Ehrenstetten winegrowers' cooperative, for example, have shares in the site.
The east-southeast-facing vineyards at an altitude of 130 to 195 metres above sea level with a slope gradient of 10 to 20% comprise 36 hectares of vineyard area. They are well protected from the wind to the west by the Haardt Mountains. The soils consist of calcareous marl with clay content and have a good water retention capacity. The Riesling and Pinot Noir varieties are mainly cultivated here. The Christmann Arnold, Henninger IV, Ohler Johann and Weik Bernd wineries, for example, have a share of the site.
The location is a part of the so-called "Red Slope" within the Rhine front. The name is derived from a former monastery and, as with many other names of sites, has biblical origins. According to another version, oil fruits such as hemp, poppy or rape could have been cultivated here earlier. In contrast to the other Nierstein sites, there is no direct neighborhood to the Rhine, but it lies in the north of the village. It comprises 15 old Gewanne (plots), one of which is called Hindenburgterrasse. The south-facing vineyards at an altitude of 90 to 170 metres above sea level with a slope gradient of 10 to 70% comprise 48 hectares of vines.
The soils consist of reddish clay slate and sandstone (Rotliegend) with a high skeletal content and admixtures of enemies and clayey loam. The main varieties cultivated here are Riesling, Silvaner andPinot Blanc. Shares are held, for example, by the Bunn Lisa, Domhof Baumann, Domtalhof, Gehring Theo, Heyl zu Herrnsheim, Hofmann Jürgen, Kühling-Gillot, Louis Guntrum, Rappenhof, Schätzel Kai, Schneider Georg Albrecht, Seebrich, Staatliche Weinbaudomäne Oppenheim, St. Antony and Strub Walter.
There are further individual sites called Ölberg in the municipalities of Dossenheim, Gau-Odernheim, Grolsheim (Rheinhessen), Hohentengen, Kiechlingsbergen (Baden), Neustadt/Weinstraße (Pfalz) and Wöllstein (Rheinhessen).