The American botanist Thomas Volney Munson (1843-1913) worked intensively from the beginning of the 1880s with the research of vine diseases or the determination of the ideal soil for the different grape varieties. He put one in Denison Texas nursery with numerous test areas in order to test the various soils and numerous existing ones Wild vines with the additional advantage for analysis of different climatic conditions.
In the wake of the European phylloxera disaster, the French Ministry of Agriculture sent a delegation to America to find suitable vineyards for the finishing to detect. In addition to the resistance against the phylloxera also placed value on compatibility with the limestone soils that are common in Europe. The head of the delegation, Professor Pierre Viala (1859-1936) consulted Munson. The ideal vines were finally found in the limestone mountains near San Antonio. They were vines of the species Vitis cinerea var. Helleri - formerly Vitis berlandieri (limestone vine), but also the Vitis riparia, Munson has been crucial in determining the ideal documents contributed and also worked as a vine grower. He created the new varieties albania. America. Armlong. Bailey. brilliant. Bush. Delago. Ellen Scott. Gold coin. Governor Ross. Headlight. hexamer. Hopkins. Palermo (1), President. Profusion. Ruby (1) Universal and Xenia (2).
The French government awarded Thomas Volney Munson the title "Chevalier du Mérite Agricole" and the Cross of the Legion of Honor in 1899. The newly created vine species Vitis bourquina (botanical name Vitis x bourquina Munson) was named after him. Munson was with the Swiss breeder Hermann Hunter (1844-1895) friends who honored his creation "Jaeger 70" (breeding number) as his Munson named. Munson's work was a major inspiration for the US vine grower Elmer Swenson (1913-2004).