Oldest and most important winegrowing area in the region Dobrogea (Dobrudja) in the extreme southeast Romania, which is named after the place of the same name. The vineyards are located on hills near the Black Sea coast. The wine cellars of Murfatlar were already by the Roman poet ovid (43 BC to 8 AD). Numerous archaeological finds of viticulture equipment from the antiquity can be visited in the museum in Constanta as well as in the wine-growing museum in Murfatlar. The state vineyard Murfatlar on the Black Sea also includes a research institute and is one of the largest Romanian winegrowing enterprises with 4,000 hectares of vineyards. The climate is characterized by a lot of sunshine and low rainfall. In the past, mainly white wines and heavy, sweet ones were used Dessert wines out autochthonous Varieties and the Tamîioasa (Muscat Blanc) produced. Today are increasing Chardonnay. Gewurztraminer. Muscat Ottonel. Pinot gris and Riesling Italico ( Riesling ) such as Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot and Pinot Noir cultured.