The white grape variety comes from France, Synonyms are Angelicaut, Angelico, Blanc Cadillac, Bouillenc, Bouillenc Muscat, Buillenc, Doucanelle, Douzanelle, Guilan Doux, Guilan Muscat, Guilan Musque, Guilhan Muscat, Guillan, Guillan Musque, Guinlhan Musque, Marseillais, Muscade, Muscadela, Muscadelle de Bordelais Muscat Fou, Musquette, Raisimotte, Sauvignon à Gros Grains, Sauvignon Muscadelle, Sauvignon Vert, Tokay and Topaque. Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Muscadelle du Bordelais. Muscat Blanc or Sauvignonasse (Sauvignon Vert) can be confused.
According to in 2002 DNA analysis is one of the many direct descendants of Gouais Blanc (Heunisch); the second parent is unknown. The early maturing variety produces fragrant white wines with subtle nutmeg, It is susceptible to Botrytis, therefore very suitable for sweet wines and part of Sauternes- and Barsac wines. She is often with Sémillon and Sauvignon Blanc blended.
In France, the variety is mainly in the fields Bordeaux (especially Entre-deux-Mers), Alsace and Southwest France (especially Bergerac ) spreads and occupies a total of 1,566 hectares of vineyards. At the end of the 1950s there were around 6,300 hectares. There are further stocks in Romania (4 ha), in California in the Napa Valley and Australia (67 ha). In Australia, the Tokay variety and the sweet wines made from it were called “Liqueur Tokay” because the origin of the vine was wrongly suspected in Hungary. The name has since been changed to Topaque in a convention between the EU and Australia to change the Hungarian name Tokaj to protect. The variety occupied a total of 1,637 hectares in 2010 with a downward trend.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)