The white grape probably comes from Italy or from Greece, or more generously expressed "from the Mediterranean". It is the noblest but not the most common variety from the large group of muscatel (see general information there). Most commonly, the French term Muscat Blanc is used worldwide, the full name of the grape form is Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains Ronds (Petits Grains Ronds = small round berries).
Around 300 Synonyms testify to the old age and the worldwide distribution. There is hardly one Weinbauland where it is not grown. In part, that is game types with the berry colors white (by far the most common), yellow, gray, green, pink, red, brown, purple, blue and black. The main alphabetically grouped by country are Brown Muscat, Frontignac ( Australia ); Tamyanka ( Bulgaria ); Muscatel, Yellow Muscatel, Gray Muscatel, Red Muscatel, Black Muscatel, Frankincense, White Muscatel, Weirer ( Germany. Austria ); Muscat Frontignan ( Chile ); White Frontignan England ); Muscat d'Alsace, Muscat de Colmar, Muscat de Die, Muscat de Lunel, Muscat de Narbonne, Muscat Frontignan ( France ); Moschato, Moschato Aspro, Moschato Kerkyras, Moschato Lefko, Moschato Mazas, Moschato Samou, Moschato Spinas, Moschato Trani, Moschoudi, Moschoudi Proïmo, Muscat Sámos, Muskuti ( Greece ); Muscat Canelli ( Israel ); Generosa, Moscatello Bianco, Moscatello di Saracena, Moscatello di Taggia, Moscato Bianco, Moscato di Chambave, Moscato d'Asti, Moscato dei Colli Euganei, Moscato di Canelli, Moscato di Momiano, Moscato di Montalcino, Moscato di Noto, Moscato di Tempio, Moscato di Trani, Moscato Reale, Moscodellone ( Italy ); Istarski Muškat, Momjanski Muškat, Muškat Istarski, Muškat Momjanski ( Croatia ); Temjanika ( Macedonia ); Moscatel Branco, Moscatel do Douro, Moscatel Galego Branco ( Portugal ); Tamâioasa Alba, Tamâioasa Romaneasca ( Romania ); Muscat Belii, Muscat Belyi, Tamyanka ( Russia ); Muscat du Valais ( Switzerland ); Tamjanika, Tamyanka ( Serbia ); Muškát Žltý ( Slovakia ); Rumeni nutmeg ( Slovenia ); Moscatel Castellano, Moscatel Commun, Moscatel de Grano Menudo, Moscatel de Grano Pequeno, Moscatel Encarnado, Moscatel Fino, Moscatel Morisco ( Spain ); Frontignac, Muscadel, Muscadel, Muscat Frontignan ( South Africa ); Muškát Žlutý ( Czech Republic ); Beyaz Misket, Bornova Misketi, Myskett ( Turkey ); Bela Dinka, Beli Muscat, Franczier Veros Muscatel, Piros Muskotály, Sárga Muskotály ( Hungary ); Muscat Blanc, Muscat Canelli, Muscat Frontignan ( United States ).
She may despite morphological Similarities or apparently indicative synonyms not with the varieties Goldmuskateller (Moscato Giallo), Muscadelle or TorrontÃ © Riojano be confused. The variety was often parent natural intersections why she as leading variety applies, as well as partners at new varieties :
There may be with the three Greek varieties Malagousia. Moschomavro and Volitsa Mavri, by the way, one nutmeg also have genetic links. This justifies among other things the probability of a Greek origin. There are countless colorful colors worldwide mutations in all conceivable berry colors from white to black with the name components Blanc, Gris, Rosa, Rouge, Roxo, Brown, Violet and Noir in many national languages.
The medium to late ripening vine is prone to real mildew and Botrytis, also for mites, She also tends to Verrieseln with certain yield uncertainty. The variety has smaller berries than any other Muskatellerorten. She produces white wines with pronounced nutmeg and spicy flavors and is used for both dry and sweet wines and sparkling wines. Due to the sugar-rich berries, it is particularly suitable for sweet wines, famous examples are Banyuls. Maury. Muscat de Frontignan. Rivesaltes (France); Constantia (South Africa); Malaga. sherry (Spain); Samos (Greece) and Tokaj (Hungary).
The largest cultivated area is in Italy with a total of 11,506 hectares. Much of it is growing in the areas Asti / Moscato d'Asti in the Piedmont where the variety occupies about one-fifth of the vineyard. In France A total of 7,671 hectares were reported, the largest amounts of which in the double region Languedoc-Roussillon with about 5,700 hectares. Here she is in many sweet Vin doux naturel either as the sole variety 100% in the four wines Muscat de Frontignan Muscat de Lunel, Muscat de Mireval and Muscat de Saint-Jean de Minervois (all Languedoc), or as an ingredient such as Muscat de Rivesaltes (Roussillon) admitted. in the Alsace it is one of the approved varieties for the 51st under the name Muscat d'Alsace Alsace Grands Crus,
There are more cultivated areas in Armenia (526 ha), Bulgaria. Germany (192 ha), Greece (2,162 ha), Israel. Croatia (56 ha), Malta. Macedonia. Moldova (172 ha), Austria (527 ha), Portugal (505 ha), Romania (840 ha), Russia (145 ha), Switzerland (49 ha), Serbia. Slovakia (48 ha), Slovenia (353 ha), Spain (1,291 ha), Turkey (114 ha), Ukraine (674 ha) and Hungary (709 ha). Overseas, there are cultivated areas in Argentina (94 ha), Australia (533 ha), Brazil (1,005 ha), Chile. Israel. Mexico (246 ha), Myanmar (7 ha), New Zealand (135 ha), Peru (361 ha), South Africa (689 ha), Thailand (3 ha) and Uruguay (10 ha), as well as in the US states California (650 ha) and Washington (70 ha). The variety occupied a total of 31,183 hectares of vineyards in 2010 with an upward trend (ten years earlier it was 28,401 hectares). The variety thus occupied in the world varieties ranking the rank 33.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures : Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)