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Muscat Blanc

The white grape variety probably comes from Italy or Greece, or more broadly expressed "from the Mediterranean region". It is the noblest but not the most common variety from the large group of muscatel (see general information there). The French name Muscat Blanc is used most frequently worldwide, the full name after the berry shape is Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains Ronds (Petits Grains Ronds = small round berries). Around 300 Synonyms testify the old age and the worldwide spread. There is hardly one Weinbauland where it is not grown. Some of them are game types with the berry colors white (by far the most common), yellow, gray, green, pink, red, brown, violet, blue and black.

Muscat Blanc - grape and leaf

The main alphabetically grouped by country are Brown Muscat, Frontignac ( Australia ); Tamyanka ( Bulgaria ); Muscat, Yellow Muscat, Gray Muscat, Red Muscat, Black Muscat, Frankincense, White Muscat, Weirer ( Germany. Austria ); Muscat Frontignan ( Chile ); White Frontignan ( England ); Muscat d'Alsace, Muscat de Colmar, Muscat de Die, Muscat de Lunel, Muscat de Narbonne, Muscat Frontignan ( France ); Moschato, Moschato Aspro, Moschato Kerkyras, Moschato Lefko, Moschato Mazas, Moschato Samou, Moschato Spinas, Moschato Trani, Moschoudi, Moschoudi Proïmo, Muscat Sámos, Muskuti ( Greece ); Muscat Canelli ( Israel ); Generosa, Moscatella Generosa, Moscatello Bianco, Moscatello di Saracena, Moscatello di Taggia, Moscato Bianco, Moscato di Chambave, Moscato d'Asti, Moscato dei Colli Euganei, Moscato di Canelli, Moscato di Momiano, Moscato di Montalcino, Moscato di Noto, Moscato di Tempio, Moscato di Trani, Moscato Reale, Moscodellone ( Italy ); Istarski Muškat, Momjanski Muškat, Muškat Istarski, Muškat Momjanski ( Croatia ); Temjanika ( Northern Macedonia ); Moscatel Branco, Moscatel do Douro, Moscatel Galego Branco ( Portugal ); Tamâioasa Alba, Tamâioasa Romaneasca ( Romania ); Muscat Belii, Muscat Belyi, Tamyanka ( Russia ); Muscat du Valais ( Switzerland ); Tamjanika, Tamyanka ( Serbia ); Muškát Žltý ( Slovakia ); Rumeni nutmeg ( Slovenia ); Moscatel Castellano, Moscatel Commun, Moscatel de Grano Menudo, Moscatel de Grano Pequeno, Moscatel Encarnado, Moscatel Fino, Moscatel Morisco ( Spain ); Frontignac, Muscadel, Muskadel, Muscat Frontignan ( South Africa ); Muškát Žlutý ( Czech Republic ); Beyaz Misket, Bornova Misketi, Myskett ( Turkey ); Bela Dinka, Beli Muskat, Franczier Veros Muscatel, Piros Muskotály, Sárga Muskotály ( Hungary ); Muscat Blanc, Muscat Canelli, Muscat Frontignan ( United States ).

Muscatel - Muscat Blanc, Muscat Jaune, Muscat Rouge, Muscat Noir

In spite of morphological Similarities or apparently indicative synonyms not with the varieties Goldmuskateller (Moscato Giallo), Muscadelle or Torrontés Riojano be confused. The variety was often more natural to the parent intersections which is why they are considered leading variety applies, as well as partners at new varieties :

There may be with the three Greek varieties Malagousia. Moschomavro and Volitsa Mavri which by the way nutmeg also have genetic connections. Among other things, this justifies the probability of a Greek origin. There are countless colors worldwide mutations in all conceivable berry colors from white to black with the name components Blanc, Gris, Rosa, Rouge, Roxo, Brown, Violet and Noir in many national languages.

The medium to late ripening vine is susceptible to real ones mildew and Botrytis, also for mites, It also tends to Verrieseln with some income uncertainty. The variety has smaller berries than all other types of muscatel. It produces white wines with distinctive nutmeg and spicy aromas and is used for both dry and sweet wines and sparkling wines. Because of the sugar-rich berries it is particularly suitable for sweet wines, famous examples are Banyuls. Maury. Muscat de Frontignan. Rivesaltes (France); Constantia (South Africa); Malaga. sherry (Spain); Samos (Greece) and Tokaj (Hungary).

The largest acreage is in Italy with a total of 11,506 hectares. Much of it grows in the areas Asti / Moscato d'Asti in the Piedmont, where the variety occupies around a fifth of the area under vines. In France A total of 7,671 hectares were reported, the largest amounts of which were in the double region Languedoc-Roussillon with around 5,700 hectares. Here it is in many sweet ones Vin doux naturel either as the only 100% variety in the four wines Muscat de Frontignan Muscat de Lunel, Muscat de Mireval and Muscat de Saint-Jean de Minervois (all Languedoc), or as a component such as Muscat de Rivesaltes (Roussillon) approved. in the Alsace it is one of the approved varieties for the 51st under the name Muscat d'Alsace Alsace Grand Crus,

There is more acreage in Armenia (526 ha), Bulgaria. Germany (192 ha), Greece (2,162 ha), Israel. Croatia (56 ha), Malta. Northern Macedonia. Moldova (172 ha), Austria (527 ha), Portugal (505 ha), Romania (840 ha), Russia (145 ha), Switzerland (49 ha), Serbia. Slovakia (48 ha), Slovenia (353 ha), Spain (1,291 ha), Turkey (114 ha), Ukraine (674 ha) and Hungary (709 ha). There are acreages in overseas Argentina (94 ha), Australia (533 ha), Brazil (1,005 ha), Chile. Israel. Mexico (246 ha), Myanmar (7 ha), New Zealand (135 ha), Peru (361 ha), South Africa (689 ha), Thailand (3 ha) and Uruguay (10 ha), as well as in the United States California (650 ha) and Washington (70 ha). The variety occupied a total of 31,183 hectares of vines in 2010, with an upward trend (ten years earlier it was 28,401 hectares). The variety thus proved worldwide varieties ranking rank 33.

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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