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Muscat d'Hamburg

The red grape variety may come from England, The most important of the approximately 100 Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Black Muscat ( Australia ), Muscat Albertdient's ( Belgium ), Moscatel de Hamburgo ( Brazil ), Frankenthaler, Muskat Trollinger, Trollinger nutmeg ( Germany ), Black Muscat, Black Muscat of Alexandria, Muscat Hamburgh, Snow's Muscat Hamburgh, Venn's Seedling, Venn's Seedling Black Muscat ( England ), Hamburg Musqué, Muscat de Hamburg, Oeillade Musquée ( France ), Moschato Amvourgou, Moschato Tyrnavou ( Greece ), Gulabi ( India ), Malvasia Nera, Moscato d'Amburgo, Moscato Nero, Moscato Nero d'Acqui, Zibibbo Nero ( Italy ), Muscat Hamburg Crni ( Croatia ), Moscatel Prato ( Portugal ), Tamâioasa Hamburg, Tamîioasa Hamburg, Tamâioasa Neagra ( Romania ), Moscatel de Hamburgo ( Spain. Uruguay ), Hamburgii Muskotály ( Hungary ), Black Hamburg, Black Muscat, Muscat Hamburg ( United States. Cyprus ).

Muscat d'Hamburg - grape and leaf

It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Aleatico (Moscato Nero) or Moschomavro be confused. Most recent in 2015 DNA analysis it is a cross between Schiava Grossa x Muscat d'Alexandrie (which also explains the extremely confusing synonym Black Muscat of Alexandria). This had rightly already the two Ampelographen Alberto Pirovano (1884-1973) and Louis Levadoux suspected.

Due to its good qualities, Muscat d'Hamburg was a crossing partner in many new varieties of winepress and table grapes. Especially in young winegrowing in China many intersections with the Asian species have emerged Vitis amurensis, Among other things, she continued to give her genes Academica. Adelaide. Alphonse Lavallee. Aminia. Amur. Angelo Pirovano. Anmeigui. Bashkanskii Krasnyi. Beichun. Campbell Early. Canada Muscat. complexa. Dostoinyi. Early Muscat. Exalta. Fioletovy Ranny. Franca. Giovanna. Golden Muscat. Italia. Kossuth Ferenc. Liana. Manzoni Moscato. Mills. Misket Dunavski. Misket Kailachki. Misket Plevensky. Muscat Bailey A. New York Muscat. Oberon. Oeillade de Conzieu. Perlona. Pobeda. Quanlongzhu. Quanyu B. Quassaic. Santarena. Sarba. Schönburger. Great Hamburg. Tentação. Teresita. Vera Cruz. viola. Xenia. Yulski Biser. Yüluzhu and Zeyu,

The journal "London Florist" introduced the variety in 1858 and quoted the gardener Seward Snow, describing it as the result of a cross between Black Hamburg (White Muscat) and Muscat d'Alexandrie. But it is not clear from whom and where exactly the crossing was made. According to a hypothesis, it was cultivated in greenhouses in Hamburg from the mid-1830s and moved from there to England around the year 1850. The Black Muscat of Alexandria, mentioned as early as 1802 by the British botanist William Forsythe (1737-1804), is probably a colored one mutation by Muscat d'Alexandrie (confusingly, Black Muscat of Alexandria is synonymous with Muscat d'Hamburg). The fact is that the variety of Snow and a colleague named Venn (see synonyms) in England was hauled in large quantities in hothouses and has come from all over the world.

The medium-maturing, high-yielding vine yields more alcohol-rich, ruby-colored red wines with subtle pronounced nutmeg, The variety is worldwide but mainly as table grape used and therefore often cultivated in greenhouses. Under the name Muskat Trollinger she becomes in Germany Cultivated as a wine grape, the cultivation can be traced back to 1850. In 2009, the acreage amounted to 65 hectares, of which 64 in Wuerttemberg, Acreage in 2010 was in Australia. France (3,504 ha), Greece. Italy. California. Portugal. Spain. Romania. Russia (180 ha), South Africa. Uruguay (1,500 ha) and Cyprus, The variety finished in 2010, a total of 8,137 hectares of vineyards. Compared to the year 2000, at that time 7,066 hectares, there was an increase of 15%. It occupies the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 82.

Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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