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Muscat d'Hamburg

The red grape variety may come from England, The most important of the around 100 Synonyms Black Muscat is grouped alphabetically by country ( Australia ), Muscat Albertdient's ( Belgium ), Moscatel de Hamburgo ( Brazil ), Frankenthaler, Muskat-Trollinger, Trollinger-Muskat ( Germany ), Black Muscat, Black Muscat of Alexandria, Muscat Hamburgh, Snow's Muscat Hamburgh, Venn's Seedling, Venn's Seedling Black Muscat ( England ), Hamburg Musqué, Muscat de Hamburg, Oeillade Musquée ( France ), Moschato Amvourgou, Moschato Tyrnavou ( Greece ), Gulabi ( India ), Malvasia Nera, Moscato d'Amburgo, Moscato Nero, Moscato Nero d'Acqui, Zibibbo Nero ( Italy ), Muscat Hamburg Crni ( Croatia ), Moscatel Prato ( Portugal ), Tamâioasa Hamburg, Tamîioasa Hamburg, Tamâioasa Neagra ( Romania ), Moscatel de Hamburgo ( Spain. Uruguay ), Hamburgii Muskotály ( Hungary ), Black Hamburg, Black Muscat, Muscat Hamburg ( United States. Cyprus ).

Muscat d’Hamburg - grape and leaf

Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Aleatico (Moscato Nero) or Moschomavro be confused. According to last done in 2015 DNA analysis is a cross between Schiava Grossa x Muscat d'Alexandrie (which explains the extremely confusing synonym Black Muscat of Alexandria). The two ampelographers Alberto already had this correctly Pirovano (1884-1973) and Louis Levadoux suspected.

Because of its good properties, Muscat d'Hamburg was a crossing partner with many new varieties of wine and table grapes. Especially in young viticulture in China there were many crosses with the Asian species Vitis amurensis, Among other things, she passed on her genes Academica. Adelaide. Alphonse Lavallée. Aminia. Amur. Angelo Pirovano. Anmeigui. Bashkanskii Krasnyi. Beichun. Campbell Early. Canada Muscat. complexa. Dostoinyi. Early Muscat. Exalta. Fioletovy Ranny. Franca. Giovanna. Golden Muscat. Italia. Kossuth Ferenc. Liana. Manzoni Moscato. Mills. Misket Dunavski. Misket Kailachki. Misket Plevenski. Muscat Bailey A. New York Muscat. Oberon. Oeillade de Conzieu. Perlona. Pierrelle. Pobeda. Quanlongzhu. Quanyu B. Quassaic. Santarena. Sarba. Schönburger. Super Hamburg. Tentação. Teresita. Vera Cruz. viola. Xenia. Yulski Biser. Yüluzhu and Zeyu,

The variety was presented in the London Florist magazine in 1858 and quoted by the gardener Seward Snow, who described it as the result of a cross between Black Hamburg (Schiava Grossa) x White Muscat (Muscat d'Alexandrie). However, it is not clear by whom and where exactly the crossing was carried out. According to a hypothesis, it was cultivated in greenhouses in Hamburg from the mid-1830s and from there to England around 1850. The Black Muscat of Alexandria mentioned by the British botanist William Forsythe (1737-1804) in 1802 is probably a color mutation by Muscat d'Alexandrie (confusingly Black Muscat of Alexandria is synonymous with Muscat d'Hamburg). The fact is that the variety by Snow and a colleague named Venn (see synonyms) was grown in large quantities in greenhouses in England and has spread all over the world from here.

The medium-maturing, high-yielding vine produces rather low-alcohol, ruby-colored red wines with subtly pronounced nutmeg, The variety is mainly used worldwide as table grape used and therefore often cultivated in greenhouses. Under the name Muskat-Trollinger it is in Germany Cultivated as a wine grape, the cultivation can be traced back to 1850. In 2009, the acreage was 65 hectares, of which 64 in Wuerttemberg, There was cultivation area in 2010 in Australia. France (3,504 ha), Greece. Italy. California. Portugal. Spain. Romania. Russia (180 ha), South Africa. Uruguay (1,500 ha) and Cyprus, The variety occupied 8,137 hectares of vineyards in 2010. Compared to 2000 with 7,066 hectares at the time, there was an increase of 15%. It documents worldwide varieties ranking rank 82.

Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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