AOC range for fortified sweet wine in the southern section of the winegrowing region Rhone, He covers about 500 hectares of vineyards in the communities Beaumes-de-Venise (AOC for red wine) and Aubignan in the département Vaucluse, The wine was already from Pliny the Elder (23-79) in his work "Naturalis historia". According to a legend, the French King Louis IX. (1214-1270) took part in the 7th Crusade in 1248. At the time of the reign of Pope Clement V (1264-1314) in Avignon in Provence, southern France, production was increased to meet the high demand of the papal court. The next Rasteau second Vin doux naturel the region becomes unmixed of the sort Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains vinified. The fermentation is stopped by adding alcohol. The wine must have at least 15% vol alcohol content and 110 g / l residual sugar respectively. Well-known producers are the WG Vignerons de Beaumes-de-Venise (90% of the production), Château Pesquié Domaine de Durban, Domaine de la Mordorée and Domaine du Vieux Pigeonnier.