AOC area for fortified sweet wine in the southern section of the wine-growing region Rhone, It covers around 500 hectares of vineyards in the communities Beaumes-de-Venise (AOC for red wine) and Aubignan in the department Vaucluse, The wine was already from Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned in his work "Naturalis historia". According to a legend, the French king Louis IX. (1214-1270) in 1248 during the 7th Crusade. During the reign of Pope Clement V (1264-1314) in Avignon in Provence in southern France, production was increased in order to meet the high demand at the papal court. The next Rasteau second Vin doux naturel the region unmixed from the variety Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains vinified. The fermentation is stopped by adding wine spirit. The wine must have at least 15% vol alcohol and 110 g / l residual sugar exhibit. Well-known producers are VGerons de Beaumes-de-Venise (90% of production), Château Pesquié, Domaine de Durban, Domaine de la Mordorée and Domaine du Vieux Pigeonnier.