First and foremost, this name is the name for a vine associated. In fact, it is an umbrella term for various game types. intersections or. new varieties with Muskateller participation and also not so seldom unrelated grape varieties. One can not therefore speak of a variety group and certainly not Muskateller family (the same phenomenon is also true for the four name groups Lambrusco. Malvasia. Trebbiano and Vernaccia ). There are muscat varieties with berries in every imaginable way shades of white, yellow, gray, green, pink, red, brown, purple, blue and black. According to one of the numerous hypotheses, the variety is already around 3000 BC. BC were known to the Egyptians and Persians, for which sometimes murals are also called indicia. For this, however, any valid proof is missing, because with such pictorial representations an identification is of course not possible.
As likely ancestry will be today Greece or maybe Italy considered. This is supported by the fact that there are descendants and family relationships to other varieties in both countries. Thus, it was possibly brought to Europe by the Greeks and spread by the Romans in their domain. Apparently the emperors were already there Charlemagne (742-814) and Frederick I Barbarossa (1122-1190) great Muskatellerverehrer. That Muskatellerwein is allegedly mentioned in the Nibelungenlied, seems to be a fairy tale, because in the beginning of the 13th century originated Middle High German original is nothing of it.
There are several variants of the meaning of the name. Since it is a very old, possibly already in the antiquity known grape variety or grape varieties, it should be meant the Latin "musca" (fly), because the intense scent attracts insects. That will be synonymous with the of Columella (1st century AD) and Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned ancient Vitis apiana connected. Other hypotheses call the cities Muscat in the Sultanate of Oman or Moschat, now a suburb of Athens. The most common cause of the name refers to the typical smell / taste of the grapes or the wine made from them - the nutmeg, But in contrast to the general opinion two different causes / substances are responsible, namely nutmeg and musk, Such flavors are also found in other grape varieties such as Traminer in front. Varieties with this sound become the so-called bouquet places counted.
Varieties under this name can be found in old documents of many countries. The first mention was made in the year 1230 by the naturalist Bartholomaeus Anglicus (1190-1250) in his work "De proprietatibus rerum", in which he reports of "wine extracted from Muscat grapes". The famous Petrus de Crescentiis (1230-1320) mentioned in his work "Ruralia Commoda" one table grape "Muscatellus" (Italy). Other reports include varieties called Muscat (1394 in France), Muscatel (1513 in Spain), Muscatelli (1536 in Switzerland) and Muscateller (1546 in Germany); the latter by the botanist Hieronymus buck (1498-1554) in his "Kreutzer book". In German-speaking countries, a distinction is often made between yellow (white) muscatel and red muscatel, and in Germany even extra. The most important muscatel varieties:
But that's not all. in the glossary There are about 150 muscat varieties. The term "Muscat / Muscat" is as a name part in many grape name or synonyms and homonyms in the respective national languages, although they are not always Muskatellerorten. These include Meski (Tunisia); Misket (Bulgaria); Moscatel (Spain, Portugal); Moscato, Moscatello (Italy); Moschato, Moschoudia, Muskuti (Greece); Nutmeg, muscatel (Germany, Austria); Muskotály (Hungary). specially Muscat Blanc and Muscat d'Alexandrie were often either ancestors of natural crosses or crossing partners of new breeds (the varieties are listed there).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures : Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)