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Designation for metabolic products from mold fungi, which are already toxic in the smallest amounts (in mushrooms, such substances are called fungal toxins). A disease caused by this is called mycotoxicosis, from certain doses they are lethal. The impact range extends from allergenic, nauseating, nerve damaging, genotoxic, organ damaging up to carcinogenic. There are about 400 different toxins that are produced by over 350 species of fungi. Of these, however, "only" about 20 are relevant for the health to look at the population. In 1948, the most important mycotoxin group from the mold also found in the vineyard Trichothecium roseum isolated and therefore received after this the name Trichothecene. All moldy foods can contain mycotoxins. Such can also be found over those in the vineyard Mold genera get into the wine. These are, for example, the mycotoxins Ochratoxin A and patulin, as well as the group of Trichothecene.

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