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Ancient forerunner of Cypriot dessert wine Commandaria; look there.

An already in the antiquity known dark sweet wine Cyprus, which still counts today among the most famous wines of the island. Already in the 8th century BC Chr. Described the Greek poet Hesiod (~ 750-680 BC) a sweet, sun-dried grapes, called "Nama". He writes that the grapes were dried in the sun for ten days and nights, and then shaded for another five days and then fermented in jars to wine. The English king Richard the Lionheart (1157-1199) conquered Cyprus in 1191 during the Third Crusade. At the wedding with Berengaria (1165-1230), such a sweet wine was served, which is considered the precursor of the Commandaria and was praised by the king expressly.

After the fall of Akkon in 1291, the island became the property of the Knights Templar, who named their headquarters at Kolossi Castle "Grand Commandery". The name derived from this. After the prohibition of the Knights Templar in 1312, the Knights of St. John took over the possessions and began to export the sweet wine already designated as "Commandaria" to many European rulers. Especially to the Habsburg House in Wien (Austria) large quantities were delivered annually. The...

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