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22.498 Keywords • 49.839 Synonyms • 5.294 Translations • 7.928 Pronunciations • 145.085 Cross-references

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Nama

Ancient forerunner of Cypriot dessert wine Commandaria; look there.

Already in the antiquity known dark sweet wine Cyprus, which still counts today among the most famous wines of the island. Already in the 8th century BC Chr. Described the Greek poet Hesiod (~ 750-680 BC) a sweet, won from sun-dried grapes wine called "Nama". He writes that the grapes were dried in the sun for ten days and nights, then shaded for another five days and then fermented in jars to wine. The English king Richard the Lionheart (1157-1199) conquered Cyprus in 1191 during the Third Crusade. At the wedding with Berengaria (1165-1230), a sweet wine was served, which is considered a precursor of Commandaria and was praised by the king.

After the fall of Akkon in 1291, the island came into the possession of the Knights Templar, who named their headquarters on Kolossi Castle "Grand Commandery". The name derived from this. After the ban on the Knights Templar in 1312, the Knights of St. John took over the possessions and began exporting the sweet wine, now known as "Commandaria", to many European rulers. Especially to the Habsburg House in Wien (Austria) large quantities were delivered annually. The Commandaria was also used as a...

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