Probably the most famous and well-known wine region California (Region North Coast ) and also the United States, The name Napa comes from the indigenous people and probably means house. It is by far the largest part of the political district of Napa County , but is also often used as a synonym for it. Most people say Napa Valley, but not infrequently mean Napa County. This also means that the Napa Valley AVA designation can be used alternatively for wines from all of Napa County. The other AVA areas of Napa County, apart from the second largest area, Los Carneros, are more or less just small enclaves within the large area with 18,000 hectares of vineyards. The 16 AVA areas are Atlas Peak, Chiles Valley, Diamond Mountain, Howell Mountain, Los Carneros, Mount Veeder, Napa Valley, Oak Knoll District, Oakville, Rutherford, St. Helena, Spring Mountain District, Stags Leap District, Wild Horse Valley and Yountville.
The majority of the vineyards are located in the valley floor, and the surrounding mountain slopes were only increasingly used and used for viticulture from the late 1980s. Incidentally, the area was only a good decade later than the western one Sonoma County planted with vines. It all started with George Yount, who planted a small vineyard in the area named after him. In the 1960s, the Napa Valley in particular saw the revolution and renewal of Californian and American viticulture. The Napa Valley stretches approximately 50 kilometers from San Pablo Bay in the south to St. Helena Mountain in the north. It is bordered by the Mayacamas Mountains to the west and the Coast Range to the east. Napa River flows through the valley. The eponymous city Napa lies in the south of the county.
At the entrance to the valley there is a large sign with the self-confident statement "Welcome to this world famous wine growing region" , as well as a quote by the Scottish writer Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-1894) "wine is bottled poetry" (wine is poetry in bottles). On the relatively short valley length there are over 30 different ones soil types, In the south there is mainly fertile clay and clay, but in the north there is gravelly clay with less fertility. In the Napa Valley it is Terroir-thought most pronounced, which otherwise does not play a major role in the Californian or American viticulture philosophy. The different climatic conditions are also reflected in the assignment to three of the five Californian climatic regions. In the south this is climatic region I with the coolest area Los Carneros, in the middle of the valley the climatic region II with Oakville and Yountville, and in the north as the warmest area the climatic region III with St. Helena.
Two thirds are red wine with Cabernet Sauvignon (7,000 ha), Merlot (3,000 ha), Pinot Noir (2,700 ha) and Zinfandel (1,000 ha). The most common types of white wine are Chardonnay (3,000 ha), Chenin Blanc and Sauvignon Blanc, The best known of the over 300 producers are Abreu. Araujo. Beaulieu Vineyard. Beringer. Chateau Montelena. Clos Du Val Winery. Dominus Estate. Freemark Abbey Winery. Grgich Hills. Heitz. Inglenook Winery (formerly Rubicon Estate Winery), Kendall-Jackson (with several wineries under their own name), Charles Krug Winery. Louis M. Martini. Mayacamas Vineyards. Mondavi. Opus One. Joseph Phelps. Pine Ridge. Ravenswood. Screaming Eagle. Spring Mountain Vineyard. Stag's Leap Wine Cellars. Stags' Leap Winery and Sutter Home,