The French ruler Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) was in Ajaccio on the Mediterranean island Corsica born. He crowned himself in 1804 in perceived succession of Charlemagne (742-814) himself emperor. Apart from his public activities, one also knows a great deal about his private life, because there exists a multi-volume biography which describes every day of his life in at least a few lines from the age of twenty.
From his personal inclinations is well known by numerous anecdotes that he loved tobacco, women and wine or champagne. At least three wines are claimed to be his favorite wines were. The most common is the red wine (from Pinot Noir) from the famous Burgundian Appellation Gevrey-Chambertin on the Côte de Nuits, but he often diluted with water. The second is the precursor of the white one Pouilly-Fumé from the upper Loire. And the third is the forerunner of the red Rossese di Dolceacqua from the Italian region of Liguria on the French border. Most of the best wines were also mixed with water.
Also for cognac there is a special relationship. In 1811, Napoleon visited the wine merchant Emmanuel Courvoisier in his liquor store in Paris, from which then in 1835 the famous Cognac House emerged. This company later consciously introduced the cognac brand "Napoleon" with the emperor's silhouette on the bottle label. Of course, Napoleon also likes the national drink champagne drinking. He was a close friend of Jean-Rémy Moët (1758-1841), founder of the famous Champagne House Moët et Chandon, During many of his campaigns, Napoleon took the opportunity to visit the Moët winery in Epernay to buy some crates of champagne. Incidentally, when the city of Reims was liberated by the Prussians and Cossacks in 1814, he spent the night in the house of the brother of the legendary Madame Veuve Clicquot,
Napoelon remarked on the enjoyment of champagne: after the victory you deserve him, after the defeat you need him. Supposedly, the emperor has that as well sabrage (Champagne heads using sabers) invented and maintained this custom after winning battles with his officers. His first wife Josephine loved the wine from the famous vineyard Coulée-de-Serrant at Savennières on the Loire. A wine has been proven to Napoleon but enjoyed until his death and had him deliver regularly in large quantities in his exile on the island of St. Helena. It was the famous sweet wine Constantia from South Africa. The legendary vintage 1811 was referred to as "Napoleon wine", because the emperor had then reached the height of his glory.
During the French Revolutionary Wars (1792-1815) it was in Germany come to a comprehensive secularization of goods. Confiscation or seizure of property by the state had existed before, but the process under Napoleon was the most comprehensive one that had taken place. Almost all spiritual imperial estates were dissolved and about 95,000 square kilometers of land with more than three million people changed hands. The French eastern border was moved to the Rhine and thus brought many German princes to their linksrheinischen possessions. Affected were the capitals and a large part of the territory of the three religious electors Kurköln, Kurmainz and Kurtrier and the Palatinate, which now became part of France. Four of the eight electorate were extinguished.
In the so-called Reichsdeputations-Hauptschluss was established in 1803 that the expropriated secular princes should be resigned by secularized ecclesiastical as well as minor secular rule. Furthermore, the spiritual principalities were dissolved with the exception of Mainz whose remaining right bank territory was transferred to Regensburg. This also had a big impact on viticulture, because many formerly owned by the church located wineries and vineyards were sold and thus came into secular possession. Prominent examples include the wineries Josephshöfer. Paulinshof. Castle estate Istein and Castle Johannisberg,