The French ruler Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) was in Ajaccio on the Mediterranean island Corsica born. He crowned himself in 1804 as a successor to Charlemagne (742-814) himself to the emperor. Apart from his public work, one also knows a lot about his private life, because there is a multi-volume biography that describes every day of his life in at least a few lines from the age of 20.
From his personal inclinations it is well known through numerous anecdotes that he loved tobacco, women and wine or champagne. At least three wines are said to be his favorite wines were. The most common is the red wine (from Pinot Noir) from the famous Burgundian appellation Gevrey-Chambertin called on the Côte de Nuits, which he often diluted with water. The second is the forerunner of the white Pouilly-Fumé from the upper Loire. And the third is the forerunner of the red Rossese di Dolceacqua from the Italian region of Liguria on the French border. He also had most of the best wines mixed with water.
Also for cognac there is a special relationship. In 1811 Napoleon visited the wine merchant Emmanuel Courvoisier in his liquor store in Paris, from which the famous cognac house emerged in 1835. This company later consciously carried the cognac trademark "Napoleon" with the one on the bottle in connection with this highest visit label contained silhouette of the emperor. Of course Napoleon also likes to have the national drink champagne drinking. He was close friends for a lifetime with Jean-Rémy Moët (1758-1841), the founding grandson of the famous champagne house Moët et Chandon, During many of his campaigns, Napoleon used the opportunity to visit the Moët winery in Epernay to buy some boxes of champagne. When the city of Reims was liberated from the Prussians and Cossacks in 1814, he stayed in the house of the brother of the legendary Madame Veuve Clicquot,
Napoelon remarked about the enjoyment of champagne: after the victory you deserve it, after the defeat you need it. Apparently the emperor has that too sabrage (Champagne heads by means of sabers) invented and cultivated this custom after battles won with his officers. His first wife Josephine loved the wine from the famous vineyard Coulée-de-Serrant at Savennières on the Loire. Napoleon has documentedly enjoyed a wine until his death and had it regularly delivered in large quantities to his exile on the island of St. Helena. It was the famous sweet wine Constantia from South Africa. The legendary vintage 1811 was called "Napoleon wine" because the emperor had reached the height of his fame at the time.
It was in during the French Revolutionary Wars (1792-1815) Germany comprehensive secularization of goods. Confiscation or takeover by the state had existed earlier, but the process under Napoleon was the most extensive to have taken place before then. Almost all spiritual empires were dissolved and around 95,000 km2 of land with more than three million people changed hands. The French eastern border was shifted as far as the Rhine, thereby depriving many German princes of their possessions on the left bank of the Rhine. This affected the capitals and a large part of the territory of the three ecclesiastical electorates Kurköln, Kurmainz and Kurtrier as well as the Kurpfalz, which now became part of France. Four of the eight spa exams had expired.
In the so-called Imperial Deputation Main Closure in 1803 it was stipulated that the expropriated secular princes should be compensated for by secularized ecclesiastical as well as by smaller secular rulers. Furthermore, the principalities were dissolved with the exception of Mainz, whose remaining territory on the right bank of the Rhine was transferred to Regensburg. This also had a major impact on viticulture, because numerous formerly owned by the church Wineries and vineyards located there were sold and thus came into worldly ownership. Prominent examples include the wineries Josephshöfer. Paulinshof. Schlossgut Istein and Johannisberg Castle,