French term for merchant, dealer or trading house. It applies to products of all kinds, but is especially for wine dealer Commonly, buy, process and then market the grapes, must or wine. Especially in Bordeaux The Négociants have a very long history that goes back to the 12th century (see in detail under Bordeaux wine trade ). Today there are around 400 Négociants in the Bordeaux region, who market 70% of Bordeaux wines either directly to end users or to retailers. Many of these companies have been family-owned for many generations or subsidiaries of large international ones wine multinationals or beverage company.
By arranging the Courtiers (Brokers) the Négociants take over the wines in the year after the harvest and, more specifically, call them “en primeur” subscription (Pre-order) sold. However, many of them are also Château owners and also act as producers. The "pure" Négociant is limited to the trade in original Château bottlings, whereas the Négociant éleveur Buy grapes, musts or wines in barrels and make your own trademarks created. In the Champagne there are the protected designations and only used here Négociant distributor and Négociant manipulative, Many large trading companies also cultivate their own vineyards outside of Bordeaux. This includes the companies Boisset. Drouhin. Jadot and Latour (Burgundy), Duboeuf (Beaujolais), as well Guigal and Jaboulet-Aîné (Rhône).