French name for merchant, dealer or trading house. Although it applies to products of all kinds, is especially for wine dealer Common, the grapes, must or wine to buy, process and then market themselves. Especially in the Bordeaux The Négociants have a very long history dating back to the 12th century (see in detail under Bordeaux wine trade ). Today there are around 400 Négociants in the Bordeaux region, which market 70% of the Bordeaux wines either directly to the end user or to resellers. Many of these companies have been family-owned or subsidiaries of large international companies for many generations wine multinationals or beverage companies.
Through the mediation of Courtiers (Brokers) are adopted by the Négociants, the wines in the year after the harvest and referred to here specifically as "en Primeur" subscription (Pre-order) sold. But many of them are also owners of château and also act as producers. The "pure" Négociant is limited to the trade in original château bottlings, whereas the Négociant éleveur Buying grapes, musts or wines in barrels and making their own trademarks created. In the Champagne there are the protected terms and only used here Négociant distributor and Négociant manipulative, Outside the Bordeaux, many large trading houses also cultivate their own vineyards. These include the companies Boisset. Drouhin. Jadot and Latour (Burgundy), Duboeuf (Beaujolais), as well Guigal and Jaboulet-Aîné (Rhône).