The red grape variety comes from Spain. The synonyms for the dark berries grouped by country are Molar, Rabo de Ovelha Tinto, Saborinho, Tinta de Madeira, Tinta Madeira, Tinta Negra, Tinta Negra Mole ( Portugal ); Mollar, Mollar Cano, Mollar de Cádiz, Mollar de Granada, Mollar de Huelva, Mulata, Negra Mole, Negramolle ( Spain ); Mollar, Mollar de América, Mollar ICA, Negra Criolla ( South America ).
Despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Listán Negro. Listán Prieto. Mollard. Mulata or Preto Martinho be confused. According to last done in 2018 DNA analysis it comes from a presumably natural cross between To lift x unknown partner. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ). The variety was a cross-breeding partner under Tinta de Madeira in new breeding Egiodola, as well as a parent of the natural crossing Quebranta, On the Canary island Tenerife has a pink berry mutation Negramoll Rosada .
In Andalusia it was mentioned in 1787 under the name Mollar. It was widespread in the Canary Islands (Spain) and Madeira (Portugal) in the 19th century. It was probably brought to these islands from Andalusia in the 18th century. But the variety could be much older. Because a document from 1614 and other sources suggest that a variety called Mollar was already in at that time Argentina. Bolivia. Chile and Peru was grown. According to DNA analyzes carried out in 2006, the South American Mollar and the Spanish Negramoll are identical.
The vine produces alcohol-rich, aromatic red wines with soft tannins, In Portugal she will open up Madeira under Tinta Negra Mole for for the production of the simplest Madeira types, as well as on the Azores grown under Saborinho. The total area is 676 hectares. In Spain is she going to Tenerife ( Canary Islands ) under Negramoll and in the Extremadura grown under Mollar and occupies a total of 1,265 hectares. In Peru It is the most common grape variety in Mollar with 1,252 hectares. It will be here for the brandy Pisco used. In 2010, it occupied a total of 3,193 hectares worldwide varieties ranking Rank 139.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012