The red grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Abbruzzese, Albese, Jonico, Lacrima, Negro Amaro, Nigroamaro, Purcinara and Uva Olivella. The name means "black bitterness", which means high tannin suggesting. According to another version, this is a double emphasis (lat. Nigra and grch. Mavro for black) of the dark berry color. According to a non-verifiable hypothesis, an ancestor was allegedly discovered as early as the 7th century BC. BC introduced by Greek colonists. According to 2011 DNA analysis however, no relationships to Greek varieties were found. Also one suspected earlier Parent-offspring relationship to the variety Sangiovese has not been confirmed. From a probably natural cross Malvasia Bianca Lunga x Negroamaro is the variety Malvasia Nera di Brindisi emerged.
The medium to late ripening vine is resistant to both mildews, It produces dark-colored, alcohol and tannin-rich red wines with great storage potential. The variety is one of the most important in the region Apulia (Paragraph of the boot). The variety is mainly found in the provinces of Lecce and Brindisi in the eastern part of the Salento peninsula and to a lesser extent Bari and Taranto. It is in the DOC wines Aleatico di Puglia. alezio. Brindisi. Copertino. Leverano. Negroamaro di Terra d'Otranto. Salice Salentino. Squinzano and Terra d'Otranto authorized.
The variety occupied a total of 11,460 hectares of vineyards in Italy in 2010. Compared to 1990 with over 40,000 hectares of vines at the time, there was an enormous reduction of around 70% through an initiative initiated by the EU grubbing premium, There is also an early maturing variety called Negroamaro Precoce , with 32 hectares designated this year. In Australia (Adelaide Hills) there is also a small population of Negroamaro (Statistics Kym Anderson ). The variety is thus documented worldwide varieties ranking rank 61.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service