The red grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Abbruzzese, Albese, Jonico, Lacrima, Negro Amaro, Nigroamaro, Purcinara and Uva Olivella. The name means "black bitterness", which means a high tannin suggesting. According to another version, this is a double accent (latin nigra and Greek mavro for black) of the dark berry color. According to an unverifiable hypothesis, an ancestor was allegedly already in the 7th century BC. Introduced by Greek colonists. According to 2011 were done DNA analysis but no relationship could be established with Greek varieties. Also a previously suspected Parent-offspring relationship to the variety Sangiovese has not been confirmed. From a probably natural crossing Malvasia Bianca Lunga x Negroamaro is the variety Malvasia Nera di Brindisi emerged.
The medium to late ripening vine is resistant to both mildews, It produces dark-colored, alcohol and tannin-rich red wines with a large storage potential. The variety is one of the most important in the region Apulia (Heel of the boot). The variety is represented mainly in the provinces of Lecce and Brindisi in the eastern part of the Salento peninsula and to a lesser extent Bari and Taranto. She is in the DOC wines Aleatico di Puglia. alezio. Brindisi. Copertino. Leverano. Negroamaro di Terra d'Otranto. Salice Salentino. Squinzano and Terra d'Otranto authorized.
The variety finished in 2010 in Italy a total of 11,460 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 1990, at that time more than 40,000 hectares of vineyards, there was an enormous reduction of about 70% by one initiated by the EU grubbing premium, There is also an early ripening variety called Negroamaro Precoce , with 32 acres declared this year. In Australia (Adelaide Hills) there is also a small population Negroamaro (Statistics Kym Anderson ). The variety thus occupies the world varieties ranking the rank 61.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service