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The later canonized priest with the full but rarely used name Johannes from Pomuk or Johannes-Nepomuk was born around 1350 near Pilsen. The name means "God is gracious", his anniversary is the day of death March 20 (Austria) and May 16 (Germany). In 1380 he became a priest at the Prague Cathedral. He studied canon law at Prague University and received his doctorate in canon law in Padua. From 1389 he was Vicar General of the Archbishop of Jenzenstein.

In the clashes between the Bohemian King Wenceslaus IV (1361-1419) and the Prague Archbishop Jenzenstein, Nepomuk was captured in 1393, tortured, burned with torches by the king himself, dragged through the streets of Prague and then drowned in the Vltava. Nepomuk was the queen's confessor. King Wenceslaus supposedly wanted to know what his wife had entrusted to the priest under the seal of confession, which the priest refused despite torture. He is the patron saint of Bohemia, as well as the confessors, boatmen, millers, winegrowers and the bridges. Saint Nepomuk helps against water hazards. Calendar sayings are: 1) Saint Sankt Nepomuk, drive us back the water. 2) The Nepomuk makes us the water that a good spring laughs for us . See also under Bauernregeln. wine Saints and wine gods,

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