The red grape variety comes from Sicily - Italy, The name means The Black from Avola to the small town in the southeast of the island in the province of Siracusa. Synonyms are Calabrese (the second main name), Calabrese d'Avola, Calabrese Calabria, Calabrese di Vittoria, Calabrese Dolce, Niureddu Calavrisi, Strugeri de Calabria and Uva de Calabria. It was first described in 1696 by the Sicilian botanist Francesco Cupani (1657-1710) under the name Calavrisi, which could point to a Calabrian origin. The synonym name part used "Calabrese" but has nothing Calabria but is an Italianization of the Sicilian dialect name "Calaurisi", which means "coming from Avola grape".
The parenting of the variety is unknown, however, show DNA analysis a variety of game types, The late-ripening vine is prone to real mildew, but resistant to heat and drought, It requires a lot of heat, so it is often raised very low on the ground. It produces colorful, alcohol and tannin-rich red wines with aromas of plums and chocolate, as well as aging potential. Previously these were used as color-enhancing blends ( teinturier ) also in other regions like Tuscany or Piedmont, as well as to France in the Languedoc delivered. However, it is now increasingly being expanded on a varietal basis.
The variety is on Sicily spread in many provinces. There she is in the DOCG / DOC wines Cerasuolo di Vittoria. Contea di Sclafani. Eloro. Erice. Faro. Mamertino di Milazzo. Marsala. Menfi. Noto. Riesi. Salaparuta. Sambuca di Sicilia. Sciacca. Sicilia and Siracusa authorized. In Calabria it is part of the DOC wine Bivongi, Well-known producers are Abazzia Santa Anastasia, Cusumano, Donnafugata. Duca di Salaparuta (Brand wine Corvo), Gulfi, Morgante, Planeta, Spadafora and Tasca d'Almerita (Regaleali). Outside Italy, she will only be in Argentina grown on one hectare. The variety had a total of 16,596 hectares in 2010, rising sharply (11,318 hectares in 2000). It occupies the worldwide varieties ranking Rank 46.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Image: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service