The red grape variety comes from Sicily - Italy, The name means The "Black from Avola" after the small town in the southeast of the island in the province of Siracusa. Synonyms are Calabrese (the second main name), Calabrese d'Avola, Calabrese de Calabria, Calabrese di Vittoria, Calabrese Dolce, Niureddu Calavrisi, Strugeri de Calabria and Uva de Calabria. It was first described in 1696 by the Sicilian botanist Francesco Cupani (1657-1710) under the name Calavrisi, which could indicate a Calabrian origin. The synonymous part of the name "Calabrese" has nothing to do with Calabria to do, but is an Italianization of the Sicilian dialect name "Calaurisi", which means something like "grape coming from Avola".
The parenthood of the variety is unknown, but it does show DNA analysis a variety of game types, The late ripening vine is susceptible to real ones mildew, but resistant to heat and drought, It needs a lot of heat, which is why it is often raised very low on the ground. It produces colorful, alcoholic and tannin-rich red wines with aromas of cherries, boomberries, plums and chocolate, as well as aging potential. In the past, these were used as color-enhancing blends ( teinturier ) also in other regions like Tuscany or Piedmont, as well as to France in the Languedoc delivered. However, it is now increasingly being expanded to include single varieties.
The variety is on Sicily widespread in many provinces. There she is in the DOCG / DOC wines Cerasuolo di Vittoria. Contea di Sclafani. Eloro. Erice. Faro. Mamertino di Milazzo. Marsala. Menfi. Noto. Riesi. Salaparuta. Sambuca di Sicilia. Sciacca. Sicilia and Siracusa authorized. In Calabria it is part of the DOC wine Bivongi, Well-known producers are Abazzia Santa Anastasia, Cusumano, Donnafugata. Duca di Salaparuta (Corvo branded wine), Gulfi, Morgante, Planeta, Spadafora and Tasca d'Almerita (Regaleali). Outside of Italy, it is only grown in Argentina grown on one hectare. In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 16,596 hectares with a rising trend (in 2000 it was 11,318 hectares). It documents worldwide varieties ranking Rank 46.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Image: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service