The red grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Cassano, Somarello, Sommarrello, Sumarello, Summariello, Tranese, Troiano, Troja, Trojana, Uva della Marina, Uva di Barletta, Uva di Canosa and the second main names Uva di Troia and Uva di Troya. It is probably after the place Tróia in the province of Foggia in Apulia named. The place was allegedly founded by Diomedes, the hero of Greek mythology, one of the warriors in the legendary Trojan horse conquering Troy. When he returned from Troy, his ship was hit by a storm on the Apulian coast. This also explains the non-verifiable hypothesis that an ancestor of the variety is said to have been brought from Troy in Asia Minor by the Greeks.
According to in 2013 DNA analysis is from a presumably natural cross Bombino Bianco x Quagliano emerged. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ). The late-ripening vine is resistant to the wrong people mildew, It produces color-intensive, tannic and alcohol-strong red wines with aromas of sour cherries and herbs with aging potential. The variety is mainly in the north Apulia under Uva di Troia or Summariello, as well as in Campania grown. There she is in the DOC wines Barletta. Cacc'e Mmitte di Lucera. Castel del Monte. Orta Nova. Rosso di Cerignola and Tavoliere delle Puglie authorized. In 2010, 2,572 hectares of vineyards were recorded (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)