The red grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Cassano, Somarello, Sommarrello, Sumarello, Summariello, Tranese, Troiano, Troy, Trojana, Uva della Marina, Uva di Barletta, Uva di Canosa and the second main name Uva di Troia and Uva di Troya. It is probably after the place Tróia in the province Foggia in Apulia named. The place was supposedly founded by Diomedes, hero of Greek mythology, one of the warriors in the legendary Trojan horse in the conquest of Troy. When returning from Troy his ship was devastated by a storm on the Apulian coast. This also explains the unverifiable hypothesis that an ancestor of the variety was said to have been brought by the Greeks from Troy in Asia Minor.
According to done in 2013 DNA analysis she is from a presumably natural crossing Bombino Bianco x Quagliano emerged. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see below molecular Genetics ). The late-ripening vine is resistant to falsification mildew, It produces color intensive, tannin-stressed and strong alcohol red wines with aromas of sour cherries and herbs with aging potential. The variety is mainly in the northern Apulia under Uva di Troia or Summariello, as well as in Campania grown. There she is in the DOC wines Barletta. Cacc'e Mmitte di Lucera. Castel del Monte. Orta Nova. Rosso di Cerignola and Tavoliere delle Puglie authorized. In 2010, 2,572 hectares of vineyards were recorded (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)