Holland (heartland of today's Netherlands) had in the late Middle Ages great influence on the spirits and wine trade, From the end of the 16th century Holland advanced far to the leading naval power England. France. Portugal and Spain on. Around 1650, the largest merchant fleet in the world had around 10,000 ships. They bought alcoholic beverages throughout Europe and took them by ship to their colonies in North America, the East and West Indies, Ceylon, New Zealand and Tasmania. They were also the main providers of European countries. The port of Rotterdam became a major hub for wine.
The Dutch were great champions of distillation and produced huge amounts of genever ( grain wine ) and brandewijn (Brandy), which was used either pure or as an addition to wine and drinking water. The effected thereby durability was a prerequisite for the long cruises. As a result, that sat down Spriten from crying like Malaga. Madeira. port wine and sherry by. Also the triumph of the cognac is due to the Dutch, because they inspired the winegrowers of the Charente to burn their wine. The British contributed to perfection, importing cognac in large quantities and setting certain quality standards. In order to increase the stock of popular wines, the blend was operated excessively with simple wines.
They also adapted quickly and flexibly to consumer wishes. As in England in the 16th century, the demand for bag (Wines from Spain) and Sweet Wine Raising were canceled Spain, of the Canary Islands, from the Portuguese island Madeira and from the greek island Crete such wines are widely introduced. As a result, Holland played a key role in the development of certain types of wine and acquired extensive knowledge of storage, transport and trade. It is also worth noting that because of their special knowledge of this technique, Dutch were the mid-17th century swamps in the French Médoc drained and created the basis for the rapid growth of viticulture. A viticulture is proven from the year 1324 in the southern province Limburg.
In the late 1960s, viticulture was revived on a small scale. There are the rural wine areas (PGI) Drenthe, Flevoland, Friesland, Gelderland, Groningen, Limburg, Noord-Brabant, Noord-Holland, Overijssel, Utrecht, Zeeland and Zuid-Holland and the two quality wine areas (PDO) Maasvallei Limburg (together with Belgium ) and Mergelland. The most important varieties are Auxerrois. Chardonnay. Gewurztraminer. Müller-Thurgau. Riesling. Pinot Gris. Pinot Blanc and Pinot Noir, Due to the low alcohol content, the wines must be enriched. The most famous operation is Apostelhoeve at Maastricht. Mglw. Winemaking wins by the climate Change something important. The wine supply is covered by import mainly from Germany.