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The white grape variety comes from Austria. Synonyms grouped by country are Brubler, Burgrebe, Grüner Burgunder, Neuburger Alb, Weißer Neuburger ( Germany. Austria ); Neuburger Bianco ( Italy ); Neuburg Bijeli ( Croatia ); Neuburské ( Slovakia. Czech Republic ); Fehér Neuburger, Fehér Neuburgi ( Hungary ). According to a narration, in 1870 on the banks of the Danube in the municipality Oberarnsdorf in the Lower Austrian wine region Wachau some vine parts stranded. The winemaker Kristoff Ferstl (1808-1888), an ancestor of the owner family of the winery Mantlerhof, as well as Franz Marchendl planted the vine in Arnsdorf and pressed it in 1872 for the first time wine. Then she succeeded Spitz on the Danube where she was exposed at the ruin rear house (popularly called "castle"). This resulted in the name Neuburger.

Neuburger - grape and leaf

In any case, in memory of this event in 1935, a small chapel and a man-sized statue of the saint urbane built. This plant was blown up a few years later by drunken SA men. Finally in 1983 a new monument was erected. There are other, rather less credible versions. Allegedly, in the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) in the nearby community Weissenkirchen the commander of a Swedish army served a Neuburger wine as thanks, because he had spared the village from plundering and arson. And in a document from the Bavarian community Neuburg 1786 a vine Neuburger is mentioned.

According to 1997 DNA analysis it is probably a natural cross between Red Veltliner x Sylvaner (and also Frühroter Veltliner ). Thus, the previously suspected ancestry of a Burgundian variety has been found to be wrong. She was crossing partner in the new breeds Aurelius and Klosterneuburg 44-8, The early to mid-seasoning vine is prone to fake mildew and Botrytis, also tends to Verrieseln, but is resistant to dryness. It produces spicy, full-bodied white wines with walnut flavor. The variety is in Austria cultivated in all wine regions. The trend is falling sharply, because in 2009, the stock has halved with 652 hectares in ten years. Further stocks existed in 2010 under Neuburské in Romania (46 ha), Slovakia (9 ha) and Czech Republic (303 ha).

Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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