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Canton with capital of the same name in the French Switzerland near the border too France, The viticulture is documented already from the year 998 occupied. The winegrowing area is one of the so-called Three-Lakes (look there). The vineyards cover 605 hectares of vineyards mostly on Lâc de Neuchâtel (Lake Neuchâtel), and Lac de Bienne (Bielersee) with a small part of the northwestern shore in the canton of Neuchâtel and most of the canton Bern, They are located in a 40-kilometer stretch between the two communities Le Landeron and Vaumarcus on mostly calcareous soil on southern slopes at the foothills of the Jura.

In 1993, an AOC statute was adopted, the wine-growing communities with this status are Auvernier, Bevaix, Boudry, Corcelles-Cormondreche, Cornaux, Cortaillod, Cressier, Fresens, Gorgier, Hauterive, Le Landeron, Neuchâtel (suburbs), Peseux, Saint -Aubin-Sauges, Saint-Blaise and Vaumarcus. The white wines are mainly Chasselas, as well as Chardonnay, Gewürztraminer, Pinot Gris Müller-Thurgau (here Riesling-Sylvaner) and Sauvignon Blanc. The red varieties are Pinot Noir, Gamaret and Garanoir. A specialty is the salmon-colored rosé Oeil de perdrix, which also exists as Blanche white gekkeltert. The Neuchâtel Blanc is a sparkling white wine from Chasselas (also called "starli wine"), which also with lees (French sur lie) is produced. Well-known producers are Château d'Auvernier, Festiguet, Domaine Grisoni, Montmollin. Mauler and Ruedin,

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