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Canton with capital of the same name in the French Switzerland near the border too France, The viticulture is documented as early as 998. The wine-growing area is part of the so-called Three-Lakes (look there). The vineyards cover 605 hectares of vineyards for the most part on the Lâc de Neuchâtel (Lake Neuchâtel), as well as Lac de Bienne (Lake Biel) with a small part of the north-west bank in the canton of Neuchâtel and the majority in the canton Bern, They lie in a 40-kilometer-long band between the two communities Le Landeron and Vaumarcus on mostly calcareous soil on southern slopes at the foothills of the Jura.

In 1993 an AOC statute was issued, the winegrowing communities with this status are Auvernier, Bevaix, Boudry, Corcelles-Cormondrèche, Cornaux, Cortaillod, Cressier, Fresens, Gorgier, Hauterive, Le Landeron, Neuchâtel (with suburbs), Peseux, Saint -Aubin-Sauges, Saint-Blaise and Vaumarcus. The white wines are mainly Chasselas, Chardonnay, Gewürztraminer, Pinot Gris Müller-Thurgau (here Riesling-Sylvaner) and Sauvignon Blanc. The red wine varieties are Pinot Noir, Gamaret and Garanoir. A specialty is the salmon-colored rosé Oeil de perdrix, which is also available as white wine as Blanche. The Neuchâtel Blanc is a sparkling white wine from Chasselas (also "Sternliwein"), which also with lees (French: sur lie) is produced. Well-known producers are Château d'Auvernier, Festiguet, Domaine Grisoni, Montmollin. Mauler and Ruedin,

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