The state in the North American Southwest with the capital Santa Fe was founded in 1848 by Mexico to the USA
ceded and only in 1912 US state. New Mexico is the oldest wine growing region in the United States. At the beginning of the 17th century, the Capuchin friar Fray Antonio de Arteaga and the Franciscan priest Fray García de San Francisco y Zúñiga established a mission near Senecú near the present city of San Antonio and another near Pilabó (Socorro) south of Albuquerque. For the indispensable altar wine
in 1629 they planted the historic mission brought from Spain ( Listán Prieto
) at. This was probably the first European strain of the species Vitis vinifera
, which was successfully grown in North America, because there was no one here phylloxera
(Earlier attempts further north failed due to this insect). In the Rio Grande Valley in southern New Mexico and in the neighboring Texas
created by Franciscan monks vineyards.
are classified Mesilla Valley, Middle Rio Grande Valley, Mimbres Valley and Rio Grande Valley. Most businesses are located in and around the city of Albuquerque. Viticulture is becoming increasingly important, especially the sparkling wines are to be highlighted. There are still many French and American hybrids
cultivated, including the mission. Increasingly, however, European varieties such as Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Riesling and Sauvignon Blanc are forced. Anderson Valley Vineyards, Blue Teal, Casa Rondeña Winery, Gruet Winery (built by French expatriates from Champagne), Jory, La Chiripada, Los Luceros Winery, Ponderosa Valley Vineyards, and Sandia Shadows Vineyard, San Felipe are some of the best known factories Winery, Santa Fe Vineyards and Tularosa Winery.