The state in the North American southwest with the capital Santa Fe was founded in 1848 by Mexico United States
ceded and only in 1912 US state. New Mexico is the oldest wine-growing region in the United States. At the beginning of the 17th century, the Capuchin monk Fray Antonio de Arteaga and the Franciscan priest Fray García de San Francisco y Zúñiga near Senecú near today's city of San Antonio founded a mission and another near Pilabó (Socorro) south of Albuquerque. For the essential altar wine
in 1629 they planted the historical mission they had brought with them from Spain ( Listán Prieto
) on. It was probably the first European variety of the species Vitis vinifera
, which was successfully grown in North America because there was none at that time phylloxera
(Previous attempts northwards failed due to this insect). In the Rio Grande Valley in southern New Mexico and in the neighboring one Texas
created by Franciscan monks vineyards.
are classified Mesilla Valley, Middle Rio Grande Valley, Mimbres Valley and Rio Grande Valley. Most of the factories are located in and around the city of Albuquerque. Viticulture is becoming more and more important, especially the sparkling wines. There are still a lot of French and American ones hybrids
cultivated, including the mission. However, European varieties such as Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Riesling and Sauvignon Blanc are being increasingly promoted. The best-known production companies include Anderson Valley Vineyards, Blue Teal, Casa Rondeña Winery, Gruet Winery (built by French emigrants from Champagne), Jory, La Chiripada, Los Luceros Winery, Ponderosa Valley Vineyards, and Sandia Shadows Vineyard, San Felipe Winery, Santa Fe Vineyards and Tularosa Winery.