On the north east coast of the USA and in the north adjacent Canada (Province of Ontario) was tried by immigrants at the beginning of the 17th century viticulture. But the native vines were due to the intrusive strawberry or Foxtons No edible wines and European varieties were produced by the phylloxera destroyed, the cause was not clear at that time. About 200 years later, a probably natural cross between a native one was created Vitis labrusca and a European one Vitis vinifera a hybrid, This was then the basis for many breeds, especially the famous ones Concord, In the lake district Finger lakes they planted large areas especially with this vine and produced from it Sweet wines and sparkling wines in which the Foxton did not come into its own.
At the beginning of the 1960s, French hybrids were planted and acclimatised European varieties were also produced by appropriate documentation in the rather harsh climate. An influential wine pioneer and advocate of Vitis vinifera varieties was the one at the Cornell University active native Russian Konstantin Frank (1897-1985). He founded the winery Vinifera Wine Cellars (Finger Lakes) and paved the way for the successful cultivation of European varieties starting with Pinot Noir in New York State. The second-largest US state New York with the capital Albany by population is today with 14,000 hectares and 150 vineyards after California and Washington the third largest US wine producer. As AVA are classified Cayuga Lake, Finger lakes, Hudson River Region, Lake Erie (also in the states Ohio and Pennsylvania ), Long Island, Niagara Escarpment, North Fork of Long Island, Seneca Lake and The Hamptons Long Island. On the shores of Lake Erie there are about 8,000 hectares of vineyards with mostly production of grape juice and table grapes,
There is a relatively cool climate, but the heat-storing lakes exert a mitigating influence. The extremely diverse varietal mirror consists of many hybrids or. American vines with mostly Vitis labrusca genes, These include the white varieties Aurore. Catawba. Cayuga White. Delaware. Dutchess. Elvira. Moore's Diamond. Niagara. Seyval blanc and Vignoles, as well as the red varieties Baco Noir. Chancellor. Concord. Isabella. Ives. rosette and Steuben, Important European varieties are Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Sauvignon. Chardonnay. Gamay. Gewurztraminer. Pinot Noir. Riesling and Sémillon,
Known Producers In the state of New York are Adair, Altamont, Amici, Anthony Nappa, Baldwin, Bashakill, Bedell, Benmarl, Brimstone Hill, Brotherhood America's Oldest Winery, Cascade Mountain, Clinton, Clovis Point, Croteaux, Demarest Hill, Duck Walk, El Paso , Hargrave, Hudson Chatham, Magnanini, Millbrook, Mountain View, Palaia, Palmer, Peconic Bay, Pindar, Prospero, Royal Kedem, Scarola, Shinn, T'jara, Warwick, Waters Crest, Whisper, Whitecliff and Wölffer. The producers in the area Finger lakes are listed there.