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new York

On the north east coast of the United States and in the north adjacent Canada (Ontario Province) was tried by immigrants at the beginning of the 17th century. However, the local vines yielded due to the intrusive strawberry or Foxtons no edible wines and European varieties were created by the phylloxera destroyed, although the cause was not clear at the time. Around 200 years later, a presumably natural cross between a local originated Vitis labrusca and a European Vitis vinifera a hybrid, This was the basis for many breeds, especially the famous ones Concord, In the lake area Finger Lakes Large areas were planted with this vine in particular and produced from it Sweet wines and sparkling wines in which the Foxton didn't come into its own.

At the beginning of the 1960s, French hybrids were planted and, with appropriate documentation, European varieties that could be acclimatized in the rather harsh climate. An influential pioneer in viticulture and an advocate of Vitis vinifera varieties was the one at Cornell University Russian-born active Dr. Konstantin Frank (1897-1985). He founded Vinifera Wine Cellars (Finger Lakes) and, starting with Pinot Noir in New York State, paved the way for the successful cultivation of European varieties. The second largest US state of New York in terms of population with the capital Albany is today with 14,000 hectares of vineyards and 150 vineyards California and Washington the third largest US wine producer. As AVA are classified Cayuga Lake, Finger Lakes, Hudson River Region, Lake Erie (also in the States Ohio and Pennsylvania ), Long Island, Niagara Escarpment, North Fork of Long Island (island), Seneca Lake and The Hamptons Long Island (island). Around 8,000 hectares of vineyards with the majority of their production stretch along the shores of Lake Erie grape juice and table grapes,

The climate is relatively cool, but the heat-storing lakes exert a mitigating influence. The extremely diverse range of grape varieties consists of many hybrids respectively. American vines with mostly Vitis labrusca genes, These include the white varieties Aurore. Catawba. Cayuga White. Delaware. Dutchess. Elvira. Moore's Diamond. Niagara. Seyval Blanc and Vignoles, as well as the red varieties Baco noir. Chancellor. Concord. Isabella. Ives. rosette and Steuben, Major European varieties are Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Sauvignon. Chardonnay. Gamay. Gewurztraminer. Pinot Noir. Riesling and Sémillon,

Well-known producers in the state of Ne York are Adair, Altamont, Amici, Anthony Nappa, Baldwin, Bashakill, Bedell, Benmarl, Brimstone Hill, Brotherhood America's Oldest Winery, Cascade Mountain, Clinton, Clovis Point, Croteaux, Demarest Hill, Duck Walk, El Paso , Hargrave, Hudson Chatham, Magnanini, Millbrook, Mountain View, Palaia, Palmer, Peconic Bay, Pindar, Prospero, Royal Kedem, Scarola, Shinn, T'jara, Warwick, Waters Crest, Whisper, Whitecliff and Wölffer. The producers in the area Finger Lakes are listed there.

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