The white grape variety is an interspecific new breed between Concord x Cassady (unknown Labrusca - bloomed open ). Synonyms are Niagara Branca, Niagara White, Virginia Seedling and White Concord. They are genes from Vitis labrusca and probably Vitis vinifera contain. The father variety was selected in 1852 by the breeder HP Cassady. The crossing of the hybrid was done in 1866 by Claudius L. Hoag and B. Wheaton Clark in the state's Niagara County new York, She was a cross partner in the three new varieties Blue Star. Monticello and Niabell (Early Niabell). The commercial introduction took place from the year 1882, whereby the complete distribution right law lay with the specially founded "Niagara Grape Company". Through targeted marketing, it quickly spread to the Northeast and later also to the American Midwest. After the Second World War it finally became the most widespread hybrid in the United States,
The medium to late ripening, productive vine is very susceptible to fungal diseases like black rot, Wrong mildew and Black spots disease but resistant to frost, It produces flowery, rather low-acid white wines with distinctive Foxton, therefore it is usually blended with neutral wines for the purpose of softening the taste. It is also often used for the production of table grapes and grape juice used.
The variety is cultivated in many U.S. states, which include Illinois. Indiana. Iowa. Michigan. new York. Ohio. Oregon. Pennsylvania. Washington and West Virginia, The total acreage here is 1,210 hectares. There are other stocks especially in São Paulo / Brazil (3,177 ha), as well Japan (128 ha) and Canada (155 ha). In 2010, Niagara occupied a total of 4,670 hectares of vines with a downward trend (ten years earlier it was 15,343 hectares). It thus proves worldwide varieties ranking rank 114.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012