The white grape is an interspecific new breed between Concord x Cassady (unknown Labrusca - openly bloomed ). Synonyms include Niagara Branca, Niagara White, Virginia Seedling and White Concord. They are genes of Vitis labrusca and probably Vitis vinifera contain. The father was selected in 1852 by the breeder HP Cassady. The intersection of hybrid was done in 1866 by Claudius L. Hoag and B. Wheaton Clark in Niagara County of the state new York, She was crossing partner in the three new breeds Blue Star. Monticello and Niabell (Early Niabell). The commercial introduction took place from the year 1882, whereby the complete distribution right was with the specially created "Niagara Grape Company". Through targeted marketing, she quickly found distribution in the northeast and later in the American Midwest. After World War II, it eventually became the most widespread hybrid in the world United States,
The medium to late-ripening, high-yielding vine is very prone to fungal diseases such as black rot, Wrong mildew and Black spots disease, but resistant to frost, It produces flowery, rather acid white wines with pronounced Foxton, that is why it is usually blended with neutral wines for taste relief. Besides, she is often used for the production of table grapes and grape juice used.
The variety is cultivated in many US states, among other things Illinois. Indiana. Iowa. Michigan. new York. Ohio. Oregon. Pennsylvania. Washington and West Virginia, The acreage here is a total of 1,210 hectares. Other stocks are mainly in São Paulo / Brazil (3,177 ha), as well Japan (128 ha) and Canada (155 ha). Niagara occupied in 2010 a total of 4,670 hectares of vineyards with a strong downward trend (ten years earlier, there were 15,343 hectares). It occupies it in the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 114.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012